Sharad Kunnath, M.D.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a condition that affects the large intestine. While it can be difficult to diagnose (as the cause is unknown and it can only be confirmed through the process of elimination) IBS does not lead to more serious medical conditions and symptoms can be managed once the triggers have been identified.
Symptoms of IBS are tricky because they don't only vary from person to person, but may also manifest differently in a single individual. Over time, people with IBS will notice that the severity of symptoms fluctuates.
Common symptoms include:
The initial cause of IBS is unknown, but those affected will learn that certain things trigger IBS symptoms. Triggers vary from case to case, but common triggers include:
Because symptoms for IBS resemble symptoms for other conditions, this illness is diagnosed using the process of elimination. Your child's gastroenterologist will conduct a physical exam and complete medical history to rule out other possibilities.
It is likely that an individual will be diagnosed with IBS if one of the following applies:
IBS treatment focuses on symptom management. All patients are encouraged to maintain a healthy lifestyle by exercising regularly and drinking plenty of water. Other treatments will be established as you and your doctor follow a trial and error system to see what works best for your child. Possible treatments are: