Boys Town Pediatrics
Upper respiratory infections are the most common illness you will be treating. It’s normal for children to have as many as eight to 12 colds a year the first two years they are in contact with other sick children. After about two winters of being in day care or school, your child will have immunity to the common community viruses and will only be susceptible to new viruses in the community.
Viruses are spread from one person to another by hand contact, coughing and sneezing. They are not caused by cold air, drafts, etc. Frequent hand washing, the use of the alcohol hand sanitizers and covering your cough will help decrease the spread of viruses.
The expected course of an uncomplicated cold is as follows:
Treatment of the common cold consists of attempting to make your child more comfortable and watching for signs of a secondary bacterial infection. Since colds are caused by viruses, antibiotics are only useful to treat the secondary bacterial infections such as middle ear infections, sinusitis, etc.
Treat the fever as outlined on the fever sheet. Call if the child seems very ill or if the fever lasts longer than 72 hours or returns later during the cold.
Treat the runny or stuffy nose as follows:
Treat the cough as follows: