Cauliflower ear is a lumpy or puffy outer ear that does not go away.
Cauliflower ear is caused by injury. It may be caused by repeatedly being hit in the ear in sports such as boxing and rugby. It may also be caused by ongoing rubbing or pressure on the ear in sports such as wrestling.
The injuries can cause blood to collect between the skin and cartilage in the ear. Cartilage is the tough but flexible tissue that gives your ear its shape. The skin can pull away from the cartilage. If your ear is injured many times, scar tissue forms and can change the way your ear looks. This scar tissue has been said to look like a cauliflower.
Symptoms may include pain and swelling on and around the ear.
Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and medical history and examine you.
If blood has collected between the skin and cartilage in your ear, it needs to be drained by your healthcare provider as soon as possible. Your provider will put a tight dressing on your ear to help decrease swelling and keep fluid from building up again. Your healthcare provider may prescribe antibiotics to prevent infection.
If scar tissue has already formed, you will need plastic surgery on the ear to make it look normal.
Use protective head gear in sports such as wrestling or boxing. If your ear is injured, get prompt treatment to prevent cauliflower ear.