If your child has diabetes, he has a higher risk of getting infections than people who don’t have diabetes. Your child is more likely to get:
If your child gets an infection caused by a virus, such as the flu, he is more likely to have severe symptoms or problems.
Even a small cut, on your child’s foot for example, may not heal well and may become a serious, life or limb-threatening problem.
Diabetes may cause more infections because:
Depending on the type of infection and where it is in the body, symptoms may include:
Your healthcare provider will ask about your child’s symptoms and medical history and examine your child. Tests may include:
Your healthcare provider will prescribe antibiotics or other medicine to treat the infection. Because the infection may get worse more quickly if blood sugar is high, your child’s blood sugar must be controlled. Besides medicine to fight the infection, your child’s treatment may include IV fluids and insulin to quickly get his blood sugar under control, even if he doesn’t normally use insulin. Vomiting or diarrhea may cause low blood sugar, especially if your child isn't able to eat. Your child may need to stay in the hospital, or be checked by his healthcare provider often.
The most important way to prevent amputation or life-threatening problems is to follow your provider’s instructions for good control of your child’s blood sugar
Follow the full course of treatment prescribed by your healthcare provider. In addition:
Ask your provider:
Make sure you know when your child should come back for a checkup. Keep all appointments for provider visits or tests.