Virus vs. Bacteria
Dr. Sawyer, Boys Town Pediatrics
In Pediatrics where it is relevant, the virus and the bacteria are different in the illnesses that they cause and then basically also the way that they are treated. Viruses are much more common than bacteria especially in Pediatrics. I would say nine out of ten times, viruses are what are causing your child's illnesses.
Usually viruses are a little bit more like your typical cold if we are talking about more the respiratory illnesses. With a virus you could have a fever for three to four days and then you typically have cough and congestion that can last believe it or not, up to two weeks. I think a lot of patients and parents are a little bit surprised by the fact that viruses can last so long and they often times get frustrated with that.
So bacteria usually when you're talking about a respiratory infection usually actually comes on the tail end of the virus, so you'll have the viral infection first and instead of getting better after the ten day, two week mark, you start getting worse again. You all of a sudden get a new fever. You start having new symptoms develop and that might be a sign of a bacterial infection. In some cases you do start out with bacteria, but those are more cases like skin infections. Sometimes other types of stomach infections may be more from a bacterial source, something that you ate that was contaminated with bacteria.
So viruses and bacteria are treated very differently. For bacteria we almost always treat it with an antibiotic. There are a few circumstances where we don't need to use an antibiotic. With viruses for the most part we treat with what we call supportive case, so basically managing our symptoms and the body usually takes care of it in about ten to fourteen days.
Viruses and bacteria are different in the illnesses that they cause and how they are treated. Dr. Alexis Sawyer, pediatrician at Boys Town Pediatrics, explains the difference between viruses and bacteria.