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Schedule Your Child’s School Physical or Well Check Nowhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/schedule-your-childs-school-physical-or-well-check-nowSchedule Your Child’s School Physical or Well Check Now2022-03-30T05:00:00Z<p>​Regular visits with your pediatrician are an important part of monitoring the overall health of your child. These visits are a time to review and discuss important areas of your child's development - physical, social, emotional and cognitive.</p><p>Depending on your child's age, it might be time to schedule a school or sports physical or catch up on a well check visit. The American Academy of Pediatrics and Boys Town Pediatrics recommend keeping your child's well checks on schedule.</p><h2>School and Sports Physicals</h2><p>The Nebraska State Law requires school physical exams before entering kindergarten and seventh grade. These exams must be conducted no more than 6 months before school starts in the fall. <strong>School physicals for the 2021-2022 school year began March 1, 2022.</strong></p><p>The Nebraska State Law requires annual pre-participation examinations for students wishing to participate in school athletics. Theses exams are slightly different than school physicals in that they pay close attention to conditions that could put your child's health at risk when playing sports, such as asthma. <strong>Sports physicals for the 2022-2023 school year begin May 1, 2022.</strong></p> ​ <p style="text-align:center;"> <a class="button is-primary has-text-weight-bold" href="/services/pediatrics/school-sports-physicals">Request an Appointment</a> </p><h2>Well Checks</h2><p>At well check visits, you can learn about and track your child's gro wth and developmental milestones with your pediatrician. Each visit includes a complete physical exam, measuring growth and tracking changes.</p><p>If you've delayed your child's well check this year, we understand. Now is the perfect time to catch up!</p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a class="button is-primary has-text-weight-bold" href="/services/pediatrics/well-checks">Request an Appointment</a> </p><h2>Immunizations are Important</h2><p>Boys Town Pediatrics recommends following the vaccination schedule set forth by the Centers for Disease Control and the American Academy of Pediatrics. Scheduling regular visits with your pediatrician helps keep your child on schedule, protecting them against harmful diseases.</p><p> <a href="/knowledge-center/importance-of-immunizations">Learn more about immunizations</a> from Dr. Jason Bruce, Boys Town Pediatrician, Executive Vice President of Healthcare and Director of Boys Town National Research Hospital and Clinics.</p><h2>Keeping Your Family Safe and Healthy</h2><p>The health and safety of our patients and their families are our top priority. Please review our <a href="/news/coronavirus-covid-19-updates">COVID-19 information for patients and families</a> for the latest information on visitors, screenings, clinic consolidations and other ways we are working to help keep our patient families protected.​</p>
Boys Town EIPA Forms New Partnership, Improving Opportunity in Educational Interpreter Communityhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/boys-town-eipa-forms-new-partnershipBoys Town EIPA Forms New Partnership, Improving Opportunity in Educational Interpreter Community2022-03-15T05:00:00Z<p>​​​​​​​​​​The Educational Interpreter Performance Assessment (EIPA) Center at Boys Town National Research Hospital and the National Association of Interpreters in Education (NAIE) are joining forces to strengthen educational interpreting across the nation.</p><p>Both Boys Town Hospital and NAIE believe students who are deaf, hard of hearing or deaf-blind have the right to access educational environments using highly qualified sign language interpreters. This partnership between the two foundational educational interpreter organizations will accelerate the advancement of educational interpreting services and will have an immensely positive impact on the interpreter community. Boys Town Hospital and NAIE will collaborate in numerous ways, revising the EIPA written test, updating the classroominterpreting.org website and providing support for educational interpreting initiatives. </p><h2>About the Organizatio​ns</h2><p>Founded in 1999, <a href="/professional-education/eipa">the EIPA Center at Boys Town Hospital</a> ​focuses on supporting the unique skills required for sign interpretation in k-12 educational settings by offering mentoring, workshops and EIPA tests to aspiring interpreters. Boys Town Hospital also provides screenings to help administrators make interpreter hiring decisions and offers trainings to interpreters to assist them in skill and knowledge enhancement.  </p><p> <a href="https://naiedu.org/" target="_blank">NAIE</a> plays a vital role in advocating for interpreters in education by working to assist in the complex challenges they face. NAIE provides support to its members by identifying best practices through continuing education, networking, resources and other professional opportunities. <br></p><p>​</p>​<br>
Boys Town National Research Hospital has been Awarded a $12.5 Million COBRE Grant to Study Pediatric Brain Healthhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/btnrh-awarded-cobre-grant-to-study-pediatric-brain-healthBoys Town National Research Hospital has been Awarded a $12.5 Million COBRE Grant to Study Pediatric Brain Health2022-03-04T06:00:00Z<p>Boys Town National Research Hospital will create a new Center for Pediatric Brain Health using funding from a $12.5 million COBRE (Center of Biomedical Research Excellence) grant that was recently awarded from the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This grant is renewable at a similar funding level for up to 15 years. </p><p>The Center for Pediatric Brain Health will be an important new part of the recently created Institute for Human Neuroscience. Initially, the Center will support four early-career researchers who will focus on different issues affecting pediatric brain health, including radon exposure, pubertal hormone levels, the impact of hearing loss on language processing, emotional dysregulation, and how the emergence of psychiatric traits is related to brain network reconfiguration. </p><p>“This Center grant will lead to major breakthroughs in pediatric neuroscience and position Omaha, and particularly Boys Town, as an international hub for pediatric brain research and clinical care," said Tony Wilson, Ph.D., Patrick E. Brookhouser Endowed Chair for Cognitive Neuroscience, Director of the Institute for Human Neuroscience, and principal investigator at the Center for Pediatric Brain Health. “These centers are not very common, and centers focused on pediatrics are even more rare." </p><p>Boys Town Hospital is focused on taking the research conducted at the Center for Pediatric Brain Health and using it to develop the best treatment options to advance patient care in pediatric neurology and other specialties. </p><p>“Boys Town has a history of unwavering commitment to improving the lives of children and families," said Jason Bruce, M.D., Executive Vice President for Health Care and Director of Boys Town National Research Hospital. “The new Center for Pediatric Brain Health will allow us to explore deeper into neurological and mental health conditions and develop even better treatments and therapies for all children who need this care."  </p><p>COBRE grants are meant to fund a succession of new researchers in a specific scientific area. As the four current investigators complete their studies, additional newly recruited researchers will move on to the grant. With the possibility of funding 12-15 scientists over 15 years. A COBRE grant is an exceptional way of supporting the next generation of researchers and building regional capacity for excellence in a specific target area, such as pediatric brain health. </p><p>Another important component of a COBRE grant is the mentorship structure it provides. Each researcher will have a Boys Town mentor that will work with them on their research protocols and establishing a line of research.  In addition, each researcher will have an external mentor that is an expert in their field of study; these can be national or worldwide experts. The Center for Pediatric Brain Health will also have its own executive advisory committee filled with leading international researchers in the field. </p><p>Boys Town's Center for Hearing Research received a COBRE grant eight years ago to fund the Center for Perception and Communication in Children. With Lori Leibold, Ph.D., as the principal investigator, the Center received renewed funding at its five-year review. Boys Town National Research Hospital is also a research partner in Creighton University's first COBRE grant to fund its Translational Hearing Center.</p><p> <img alt="Meet the first four neuroscience researchers at the Center for Pediatric Brain Health." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/P20-Researcher-banner.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /> <em>Meet the first four neuroscience researchers at the Center for Pediatric Brain Health. L to R: Elizabeth Heinrichs-Graham, Ph.D., Brittany Taylor, Ph.D., Tony Wilson, Ph.D., Director of the Center, Stuart White, Ph.D., and Gaelle Doucet, Ph.D.</em><br></p>
Supporting the Next Generation of Neuroscientists at Boys Town’s New Pediatric Center for Brain Health https://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/supporting-next-generation-neuroscientistsSupporting the Next Generation of Neuroscientists at Boys Town’s New Pediatric Center for Brain Health 2022-03-03T06:00:00Z<p>​Boys Town National Research Hospital received a $12.5 million COBRE (Center of Biomedical Research Excellence) grant from the National Institute to develop the next generation of neuroscientists…but the outcome this will have on pediatric neurological, mental, and behavioral health is priceless.</p><h2>Meet Our Researchers</h2><p> <img class="ms-rtePosition-1 custom-is-rounded" alt="Gaelle Doucet" src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/Doucet-Gaelle.jpg" style="width:140px;height:140px;margin-right:10px;margin-left:0px;" /> </p><p> <strong>Gaelle Doucet, Ph.D.</strong><br><a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/institute-human-neuroscience/brain-architecture-imaging-cognition" target="_blank">Brain Architecture, Imaging and Cognition Laboratory</a><br>Dr. Doucet’s research aims to identify the role of all major brain networks in everyday life throughout the lifespan and how their functions change with aging. Her lab is studying how the brain adapts from adolescence to late adulthood, as well as why some individuals will develop mental disorders and whether we can predict or prevent the start of disorders.<br clear="all"></p><p> <img class="ms-rtePosition-1 custom-is-rounded" alt="Elizabeth Heinrichs-Graham" src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/Heinrichs-GrahamElizabeth_.jpg" style="width:140px;height:140px;margin-right:10px;margin-left:0px;" /> </p><p> <strong>Elizabeth Heinrichs-Graham, Ph.D.</strong><br><a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/institute-human-neuroscience/casi" target="_blank">Cognitive and Sensory Imaging Laboratory</a><br>When performing cognitive and language tests, some children with hearing loss perform at or above the level of their normal-hearing peers, while others fall behind. Dr. Heinrichs-Graham’s lab uses brain imaging coupled with behavioral and audiometric testing to investigate the impact of mild-to-severe hearing loss, as well as the quantity and quality of therapeutic intervention, on brain, language, and cognitive function through development, with the ultimate goal of learning how we can optimize performance for all children who have hearing loss.<br clear="all"></p><p> <img class="ms-rtePosition-1 custom-is-rounded" alt="Brittany Taylor" src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/TaylorBrittany.jpg" style="width:140px;height:140px;margin-right:10px;margin-left:0px;" /> </p><p> <strong>Brittany Taylor, Ph.D.</strong><br><a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/institute-human-neuroscience/neurodiversity" target="_blank">Neurodiversity Laboratory</a><br>About half of homes in eastern Nebraska and western Iowa test high for radon, a naturally occurring gas that builds up in homes and other buildings and is linked to the development of certain cancers in adulthood. Despite the known long-term consequences of radon exposure, the impacts on developing children are poorly defined. Dr. Taylor uses structural and functional neuroimaging, cognitive testing, and measures of health and inflammation to explore how home radon exposure impacts brain development in kids.<br clear="all"></p><p> <img class="ms-rtePosition-1 custom-is-rounded" alt="Stuart White" src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/WhiteStuart.jpg" style="width:140px;height:140px;margin-right:10px;margin-left:0px;" /> </p><p> <strong>Stuart White, Ph.D.</strong><br><a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/institute-human-neuroscience/developmental-clinical-neuroscience" target="_blank">Developmental Clinical Neuroscience Laboratory</a><br>Dr. White’s lab works with healthy teens and youth who have serious emotional and behavioral problems (aggression, emotion regulation problems, impulsivity and other mental health/ behavioral problems) and/or exposure to traumatic events. He uses brain imaging and measures of endocrine function (hormones) to understand how changes due to puberty impact the neural systems involved in both trauma and serious behavioral problems.<br clear="all"></p>
Preschoolers Celebrate Super Bowl’s Attention to Inclusive Communicationhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/preschoolers-celebrate-super-bowls-attention-to-inclusive-communicationPreschoolers Celebrate Super Bowl’s Attention to Inclusive Communication2022-02-14T06:00:00Z<p> <img class="ms-rtePosition-2" alt="Children dancing" src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/preschoolers-celebrate.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:437px;height:225px;" />“We're having a dance party to celebrate the Super Bowl because there's a special connection for us this year," said Kate Kaiser, MA, lead preschool teacher at Boys Town's Center for Childhood Deafness, Language and Learning.  </p><p>For the first time in history, the Pepsi Super Bowl VI halftime entertainment lineup will feature two Deaf music artists, Warren “Wawa" Snipe and Sean Forbes, who will add American Sign Language to the halftime show. Their performances not only increase accessibility for people who are Deaf or hard of hearing, they bring increased visibility for communication inclusion – and we think that's something to celebrate!</p><p>What a wonderful opportunity for our little ones to see talented Deaf performers on a national stage. </p><p>Boys Town's preschool program is a comprehensive program focused on empowering Deaf and hard of hearing children to reach their full potential. Serving children since the late 1970s, its goal is to educate children to help them transition into a kindergarten placement with age-appropriate skills in every developmental area.</p>
Ryan McCreery, Ph.D., Voted onto American Auditory Society Board of Directorshttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/ryan-mccreery-onto-american-auditory-society-board-of-directorsRyan McCreery, Ph.D., Voted onto American Auditory Society Board of Directors2022-02-08T06:00:00Z<p>​​Boys Town National Research Hospital would like to congratulate Ryan McCreery, Ph.D., Boys Town Vice President of Research and the Director of the Audibility, Perception and Cognition Laboratory. Dr. McCreery has been selected as a member of the Board of Directors at the American Auditory Society (AAS) by a vote of his peers.</p><div class="is-clearfix"><div class="inline-image is-size-7">​​​​​​​​<img class="inline-image__image" alt="Ryan McCreery, Ph.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/McCreeryRyan.jpg" /> <h2 class="is-size-5">Ryan McCreery, Ph.D.</h2></div>​ <p>“The American Auditory Society is unique because it is a multidisciplinary organization that brings together clinicians and scientists to advance research to help people with hearing and balance problems," noted Dr. McCreery. “Because the AAS is inclusive of clinicians and scientists, their mission and goals align closely with those of the Boy Town research program where our research aims to support the children and families served by our clinical and educational programs."</p><p>Dr. McCreery's current line of research focuses on various aspects of hearing, hearing amplification, language processing and language development. His research has contributed to our understanding of the importance of cumulative auditory experience on language and sensory development. Dr. McCreery's research directly relates to clinical outcomes and has led to optimized clinical protocols for fitting hearing aids for kids who have hearing loss.</p><p>In 2020, Dr. McCreery was selected as a Fellow of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). ASHA is the primary professional, credentialing and scientific organization for speech-language pathologists, audiologists and speech/language/hearing scientists. Fellowship is the most prestigious recognition awarded for professional contribution and achievement.</p><p>Dr. McCreery has authored 74 peer-reviewed publications and has numerous research collaborations. He is a regular speaker at scientific and clinical meetings, having given over 160 talks on clinical and scientific information.  </p><p>“Being elected by my peers to serve on the Board of the American Auditory Society is a huge honor," Dr. McCreery said enthusiastically. “I will have the opportunity to help the AAS advance initiatives related to clinical-translational research, mentor students and early-career scientists, and improve the representation of people from historically underrepresented backgrounds in our field. I am looking forward to working with the otolaryngologists, hearing scientists, engineers and audiologists who make up the AAS Board over the next three years."</p></div>
Types of Child Maltreatment have Different Impacts on how Children Learn Social Behaviorhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/child-maltreatment-impacts-social-behaviorTypes of Child Maltreatment have Different Impacts on how Children Learn Social Behavior2022-01-19T06:00:00Z<p>​Rewarding good behavior, punishing bad behavior, and redirecting a child to help show him or her how to act or behave across situations are tried and true reinforcement strategies that parents use every day. What Boys Town has known for years is that while these strategies work for most children, not everyone benefits as much as others – especially children who have suffered from abuse or neglect. </p><p>A new study from the <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/neurobehavioral">Boys Town Center for Neurobehavioral Research in Children</a>, looked specifically at reward and punishment processing, known as reinforcement processing, in children with a history of abuse or neglect. What they found was neglect, not abuse, was associated with reduced brain responses to the receipt of reward. Findings from this study demonstrate the neurodevelopmental impact of childhood maltreatment, particularly neglect, has on a child's ability to learn from reinforcement as well as the impact it has on developing serious behavioral problems.  </p><p>“It is important to understand how maltreatment affects different types of core processes necessary for socialization. That can help inform and bolster how we intervene," stated <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/faculty/karina-blair">Karina Blair, Ph.D.</a>, research scientist at Boys Town.   </p><p>Many children who come to <a href="https://www.boystown.org/about/Pages/default.aspx" target="_blank">Boys Town</a> have a history or abuse or neglect. The incidence of exposure to early life stressors in childhood is extremely high with 1 in 8 children in the United States experiencing some form of maltreatment by 18 years of age. Child neglect is identified as the failure of a parent or caregiver to provide food, clothing, shelter, medical care, or supervision that a child needs to remain healthy and safe from harm. </p><p>Previous studies have typically grouped together these two early life stressors. This new research from Boys Town separated the two to better understand the developmental impact of each specific childhood stressor so that better and more effective interventions can be created to help every child. </p><p>This research provides a baseline to why traditional reinforcement learning may not be as effective for children who have experienced neglect. Boys Town can then move forward in developing and studying new intervention methods, as well as enhancing current methods, to continue to help more children who struggle with the lasting impacts of neglect. These findings are important not only to the youth care work at Boys Town, but for all who work with children who have experienced neglect.  </p><p>“To quote Father Flanagan, he said, 'There is no such thing as a bad boy, only bad environment, bad modeling and bad teaching.' Boys Town continues to work every day to uncover ways to help every child reach a positive and successful future, no matter what the child experienced in his or her past," said Dr. Blair. </p><p>Read the entire study here: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcn.2021.101051" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcn.2021.101051</a></p><h2> Study Model​<br></h2><p>The study was conducted at Boys Town. Participants included 142 adolescents ages 14-18 with varying levels of past abuse or neglect. The participants received an fMRI scan while performing a learning task that would engage the area of the brain that responds when stimulated to engage in a reward or avoid a punishment. Researchers found the level of neglect was negatively associated with responses to reward and punishment. They also found that the level of neglect was associated with the level of behavioral problems, meaning higher levels of neglect corelated with higher incidence for conduct and aggression difficulties. ​</p> <br>
Elkhorn Athletic Association and Boys Town Pediatrics Announce Partnership to Increase Inclusivity in Playhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/eaa_boys_town_partnership_for_inclusivity_playElkhorn Athletic Association and Boys Town Pediatrics Announce Partnership to Increase Inclusivity in Play2022-01-18T06:00:00Z<p>​Boys Town Pediatrics and the Elkhorn Athletic Association (EAA) have announced a special, multi-year partnership agreement that will ensure metro-area children who have developmental and physical challenges can enjoy greater access to sports and play opportunities.</p><p>The agreement makes Boys Town Pediatrics the exclusive pediatric partner of the MD West ONE Sports Complex and includes naming rights to the all-play field, a barrier-free and adaptive space located at the complex in western Douglas County. </p><p>“Recreational play is such a critical part of childhood and for young people's physical and emotional well-being. The Boys Town Pediatrics All-Play Field will allow every child, regardless of their physical or cognitive abilities, to enjoy the thrill and fun of competition," said Jason Bruce, M.D., executive vice president of health care and director of Boys Town National Research Hospital.</p><p>In addition to the naming rights, Boys Town Pediatric specialists will provide free informational and educational programming to the community, including coaches, parents and players, at the complex's Learning Center. The programs will address a variety of health-related issues, such as concussions, seizures, anxiety and depression.</p><p>“It is an honor to have Boys Town Pediatrics committing to be the title sponsor for the barrier-free playing field for adaptive sports and having a Learning Center on the MD West ONE Sports Complex. They are incredibly committed and dedicated to enriching kids' lives, which is perfectly aligned to the EAA's organizational mission and the representation of what this complex will mean in our community," said Bruce O'Neel, EAA Executive Director.</p><p>For Boys Town, the partnership is an opportunity to reach more children and families who too often are marginalized or forgotten. The Boys Town Pediatrics All-Play Field will be a safe, inclusive space that celebrates children of all abilities. </p><p>“Our mission at Boys Town is to heal and strengthen the body, mind and spirit. Collaborating with youth sports in and around Omaha is a good example of how that mission is brought to life locally to make lasting and positive differences in the health and lives of kids and families," said Father Steven E. Boes, Boys Town president and national executive director.</p><p>The Boys Town Pediatrics All-Play Field is scheduled to open in 2023.</p><h2>About Elkhorn Athletic Association</h2><p>EAA is a non-profit youth sports organization dedicated to providing a safe, enjoyable and positive learning environment. EAA serves families with children of all ages and skill levels across the region, encouraging and supporting the holistic development of every child, teaching leadership and other essential skills, and inspiring athletes to seek excellence in all aspects of their lives. </p><h2>About Boys Town Pediatrics</h2><p>Boys Town Pediatrics has five clinics throughout metro Omaha and a team of board-certified pediatricians providing primary care, from routine well checks and same-day sick visits to care for complicated medical conditions. For children who need highly specialized care, Boys Town Pediatrics is backed by a team of pediatric specialists across a range of services, who are known for their accurate diagnosis, treatment and care for childhood injuries, diseases and disorders. </p>
New Center for Human Performance Optimization Is Awarded a Grant in Its First Month of Operationhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/grant-awarded-to-center-for-human-performance-optimizationNew Center for Human Performance Optimization Is Awarded a Grant in Its First Month of Operation2021-12-21T06:00:00Z<p>​The Foundation for Physical Therapy Research announced the presentation of their 2021 Foundation for Physical Therapy Research Award to <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/faculty/brad-corr"> <span style="text-decoration:underline;">Brad Corr,</span><span style="text-decoration:underline;"> PT, DPT, </span> <span style="text-decoration:underline;">Associate Director of Physical Rehabilitation</span></a> at the <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/institute-human-neuroscience/human-performance-optimization"> <span style="text-decoration:underline;">Center for Human Performance Optimization</span></a>, for his clinical trial “Powering Through Transition: Therapeutic Power Training for Adolescents and Adults with Cerebral Palsy."</p><p>Having just opened in November of 2021, the Center for Human Performance Optimization will benefit from this $40,000 grant.</p><p>“Launching the center with a grant establishes our momentum and enhances our opportunity to grow," Corr said. “This gets us right out of the gate with a grant. It allows us to collect data, and then we use that momentum to roll it into larger grants and additional projects."</p><h2>This Project and Beyond</h2><p style="text-align:justify;">The transition from childhood to adulthood for individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) is met with unique challenges. Power training, which requires moving quickly against resistance, is emerging as an intervention for pediatric physical therapists. This research intends to explore Therapeutic Power Training (TPT), which uses wearable technology often employed by elite athletes for visual feedback combined with functional movements to optimize mobility for adolescents and young adults with CP.</p><p>Corr felt that this grant was not only a vote of confidence in his research but also a tribute to the state-of-the-art facilities and world-class technology of both Boys Town's Institute for Human Neuroscience and Center for Human Performance Optimization.</p><p>“When you submit a project, you get feedback on the grant and there's always pros and cons," said Corr.  “In this instance, the environment and the collaborators were cited as primary reasons this grant got funded. The resources at the center, as well as the research resources here at Boys Town, were noted by the reviewers as strengths of the project."</p><p>Brad Corr is a physical therapist by training with over 14 years of experience working with individuals who have intellectual and developmental disabilities across the lifespan. He pairs his clinical care expertise with equal experience in developing research and therapeutic interventions to support children with cerebral palsy and other physical disabilities. <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/institute-human-neuroscience/human-performance-optimization"> <span style="text-decoration:underline;">Learn more about the Center for Human Performance Optimization</span></a>.</p>
Patterns or Phonics? Unraveling Dyslexia and Statistical Learninghttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/dyslexia-statistical-learning-researchPatterns or Phonics? Unraveling Dyslexia and Statistical Learning2021-12-02T06:00:00Z<p>​Sometimes looking at a learning issue from a new angle will generate innovative ways of helping those who deal with the problem.</p><p>This may be the case with a new research paper published by <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/faculty/christopher-conway">Christopher Conway, Ph.D.</a>, Director of the <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/speech-language/brain-learning-language">Brain, Learning and Language Laboratory at Boys Town National Research Hospital</a> and Sonia Singh, Ph.D., of The University of Texas at Dallas, which looks at an aspect of human cognition called statistical learning and how it relates to dyslexia.</p><p>Their paper, <a href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2021.734179" target="_blank">Unraveling the Interconnections Between Statistical Learning and Dyslexia: A Review of Recent Empirical Studies</a>, examines whether dyslexia is associated with reading and language deficits or more associated with the ability to discern patterns in letters and words and the patterns related to how sounds map with the letters and words. The ability to learn these types of patterns is referred to as statistical learning.</p><h2>A Different Kind of Problem?</h2><p>“The primary view of dyslexia is that it is a phonological issue, meaning that some people have problems processing and perceiving speech sounds," Conway said</p><p>If dyslexia is a statistical learning problem, then it's not about understanding speech sounds per se, but instead about learning the patterns you're exposed to throughout your life.</p><p>Conway said that from infancy, we are perceiving and hearing sounds of speech, coming to an understanding of what order words should go in and the meanings of words. These patterns show us how to order words to make sense. The same is true of written language. Most people learn what letters can go together and what letter combinations don't make sense.</p><h2>Earlier Diagnosis Potential</h2><p>The research looks at whether dyslexia is associated with impairments in recognizing patterns when it comes time to learn to read. If you're having trouble figuring out patterns of letters and their associated sounds, that means you'll have trouble reading apart from any difficulties processing speech sounds.</p><p>“Statistical learning is a cognitive measure," Singh said, “so it can be measured outside of reading." </p><p>She said a measurement for pattern learning can provide more accessibility, so parents and healthcare providers don't have to wait until reading age to predict whether a child will have trouble reading. It has the potential to solve a dyslexia problem before it appears.</p><p>Read the full published article here: <a href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2021.734179" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2021.734179</a></p>
IMPACT Reveals the Importance of DEI in Speech Pathology and Audiologyhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/importance-of-diversity-equity-inclusion-in-researchIMPACT Reveals the Importance of DEI in Speech Pathology and Audiology2021-12-01T06:00:00Z<p>​​​As Boys Town presents more Diversity, Equity and Inclusion (DEI) opportunities to our associates, it becomes more apparent that there are always additional avenues to be explored. That's why faculty at the <a href="/news/impact-efforts-expand-diversity-in-speech-language-pathology-audiology-fields">Boys Town Center for Perception and Communication in Children joined forces last year</a> with a new program created by Jessica Sullivan, Ph.D., of Hampton University and Lauren Calandruccio, Ph.D., of Case Western Reserve University called <strong>IMPACT</strong> (<strong>I</strong>nnovative <strong>M</strong>entoring and <strong>P</strong>rofessional <strong>A</strong>dvancement through <strong>C</strong>ultural <strong>T</strong>raining). </p><p>Realizing that the fields of Audiology and Speech Pathology are populated by 92% white and 96% female personnel, Drs. Sullivan and Calandruccio decided to create a program that would support diversity in the Communication Sciences and Disorder (CSD) field. </p><p>With this in mind,<strong> </strong>the professors founded IMPACT, an innovative new mentoring program run jointly between Hampton and Case Western Reserve Universities and external collaborations and mentorships with other colleges and research facilities like Boys Town.  It aims to engage and support students from underrepresented minority groups interested in CSD as a career path. IMPACT provides a supportive environment for students to explore graduate programs and navigate the graduate school application process. Students also work on building their professional networks and communication skills. In combination, the IMPACT program activities strive to help students feel confident and prepared for success in graduate school and beyond. </p><h2>IMPACT at Boys Town</h2><p>Boys Town researchers met the IMPACT program's inaugural class over virtual 'Family Dinners' and provided virtual tours of the laboratories. Students connected with researchers they could identify with and gained exposure to exciting career paths and CSD-related research initiatives through these activities.</p><p> <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/faculty/lori-leibold">Lori Leibold, Ph.D.</a>, Director of the Center for Hearing Research and the Human Auditory Development Laboratory, noted that programs like this help train the next generation of scientists and clinicians. “It was a great learning opportunity for all," stated Dr. Leibold. “ Boys Town Researchers were able to support students of color who are pursuing careers in audiology, speech-language pathology, and research. In turn, the students provided our researchers with insight into some of the difficulties they encounter in reaching their professional goals, such as racism, feeling isolated, poverty, opportunities to gain experience, and advocacy. “</p><p>Dr. Sullivan pointed out that the virtual tour of Boys Town's research facilities made a lasting impression on the students who attended. “They're working on a presentation for ASHA, and they specifically named some of the Boys Town labs that stuck with them. A year later, they are still talking about Chris Stecker's lab and Karla McGregor's mobile van to do language assessment. It's important to understand how participating in activities like these can spark and change the future of research," said Dr. Sullivan.</p><p>Boys Town looks forward to furthering Diversity, Equity and Inclusion within our own Boys Town community and with further virtual and in-person activities with IMPACT scholars.  Both Boys Town and Drs. Sullivan and Calandruccio hope that by spotlighting this program, other universities will explore having an IMPACT program of their own for CSD students or similar programs for other career paths and graduate school programs that have under-represented populations.</p><p style="text-align:center;"> <img alt="IMPACT (Innovative Mentoring and Professional Advancement through Cultural Training) and Boys Town logos" src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/IMPACT-Announcement.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /> </p>
Improving the Diagnosis of Otitis Media (Ear Infection) in Pediatric Patientshttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/research-improves-ear-infection-diagnosis-in-pediatricsImproving the Diagnosis of Otitis Media (Ear Infection) in Pediatric Patients2021-11-29T06:00:00Z<p>​​Waking up in the middle of the night to a crying child suffering from an ear infection is an all too familiar event for many parents. In fact, most parents would not be surprised to learn that otitis media (ear infection) is the No. 1 cause for pediatric office visits, the No. 1 cause for antibiotic use in children, and the No. 1 cause for surgery in children. </p><p>Boys Town National Research Hospital is leading the way to discover new techniques that can determine the level and type of fluid in a child's middle ear, as well as whether the cause is bacteria, a virus, or fluid build-up due to anatomical differences in a child's middle ear. Having improved diagnostic tools will help physicians deliver the most accurate diagnosis and care plan for their patients. </p><h2>Improving Otitis Media Care and Treatment</h2><ul><li>Placing tubes in ​a child's ear, while a common procedure, is still a big deal for the child and parents. At Boys Town Ear, Nose and Throat, we deal with this every day. With the help of volunteer families, our researchers were able to gain valuable knowledge by examining and testing children before and after tubes were placed. We'll <a href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33974785/" target="_blank"><span style="text-decoration:underline;">use this research</span></a> to better understand how fluid in the ear affects hearing, and to determine the best treatments for ear infections.</li><li>To ensure proper treatment, getting an accurate diagnosis is vital, but making that diagnosis as simple and objective as possible is important when dealing with young children. The Boys Town research team is <a href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33928915/" target="_blank"><span style="text-decoration:underline;">studying a new objective middle-ear test</span></a> that involves simply placing an ear tip with a microphone in a child's ear. This new method gives us valuable information about middle-ear status, lessening the chance for a misdiagnosis.</li><li>Lastly, we are researching ways to refine the information we get from our <a href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34470321/" target="_blank"><span style="text-decoration:underline;">advanced diagnostic techniques</span></a>. This involves applying computational models to the data we get from an exam on a child with an ear infection to further improve the new diagnostic tools we are developing.</li></ul><h2> Accurate Diagnosis Means Improved Outcomes</h2><p>Getting the diagnosis right is of the utmost importance. While doctors do an admirable job of diagnosing and treating otitis media, there's a need for more accurate measures that can determine the level and type of fluid in a child's middle ear, as well as whether the cause is bacteria, a virus, or fluid build-up due to the dysfunction of the child's middle ear.</p><p>The Boys Town Center for Hearing Research is leading the way to discover new techniques. </p><p>"We want to better understand ear infections and differentiate between causes more effectively," said <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/faculty/gabrielle-merchant"><span style="text-decoration:underline;">Gabrielle Merchant, Au.D., Ph.D.</span></a>, Director of the Translational Auditory Physiology and Perception Laboratory. "By improving the diagnosis, we are improving the treatment and ultimately improving the lives of children." </p><h2> Three Recent Research Papers</h2><p>The Center for Hearing Research recently published three papers on improving diagnostic testing for otitis media.</p><p>"Our goal is to find objective ways to say 'yes, there's an ear infection' or 'no, there is not bacteria present' or 'it is caused by a virus,'" Dr. Merchant said. "Ultimately, we want to avoid unnecessary surgeries or unnecessary use of antibiotics while ensuring the child is properly treated."</p><p>The first paper, “<a href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33974785/" target="_blank"><span style="text-decoration:underline;">Audiologic Profiles of Children with Otitis Media with Effusion</span></a>," illustrates research done with children recruited from ear, nose and throat clinics who were having tubes placed. </p><p>The researchers first perform a battery of standard hearing tests, including tympanometry and behavioral audiometric testing, following up with experimental tests that are FDA-approved.</p><p>After the tubes are placed, the effusion is studied for the type and amount of fluid present, which is then compared to the results from testing. This work found that the amount, or volume, of effusion is an important determinant of the impact a given episode of otitis media has on a child's hearing. </p><p>The second paper, “<a href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33928915/" target="_blank"><span style="text-decoration:underline;">Improving the Differential Diagnosis of Otitis Media with Effusion Using Wideband Acoustic Immittance (WAI)</span></a>," utilizes a relatively new diagnostic tool called wideband acoustic immittance (WAI). WAI measures how the ear drum is moving in an affected ear. This, in turn, can tell us things about what is happening behind the ear drum. This paper found that WAI could determine the volume of effusion in a child's ear. This is particularly significant given the findings of the first paper, which demonstrated that volume is an important factor as to how a child is hearing. </p><p>"It's quick and easy," Dr. Merchant said. "We place a microphone in a child's ear, press a button, then take it out."</p><p>Dr. Merchant said that larger sample sizes are needed before moving this diagnostic tool to clinical settings. The advantage of WAI is that it takes the subjectivity out of assessment of ear drum and middle-ear status. </p><p>The third paper, “<a href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34470321/" target="_blank"><span style="text-decoration:underline;">The Influence of Otitis Media with Effusion on Middle-Ear Impedance Estimated from Wideband Acoustic Immittance Measurements</span></a>," takes WAI testing further by applying computational models to the findings from the first and second papers to improve the diagnostic utility of WAI further. The models estimate characteristics of the ear canal and help isolate the influence of the effusion and ear infection on the ear drum motion, all to drive and maximize precision and accuracy.</p>
Boys Town Receives Three Best of Omaha Recognitionshttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/best-doctors-and-pediatricians-of-omahaBoys Town Receives Three Best of Omaha Recognitions2021-11-17T06:00:00Z<p> <img class="ms-rtePosition-2" alt="Best of Omaha logo" src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/BT-best-O-2022_whatsnew.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:200px;" />Boys Town is excited to announce that Boys Town Center for Behavioral Health; Boys Town Ear, Nose and Throat Clinic and Boys Town Pediatrics physician, Dr. Kelli Shidler, were voted the Best of Omaha.</p><p>That's right, the best of Omaha is right here at Boys Town!</p><p>“Best of Omaha" is an annual recognition program run by Omaha Magazine that dates back to 1992. Individuals cast their votes for as many as 320 categories. </p><p>Congratulations to the staff at Boys Town Center for Behavioral Health; Boys Town Ear, Nose and Throat Clinic and Dr. Kelli Shidler for receiving this honor! </p><ul><li> <a href="/services/behavioral-health/center-for-behavioral-health">Boys Town Center for Behavioral Health</a></li><li> <a href="/services/ear-nose-throat-institute">Boys Town Ear, Nose and Throat</a></li><li> <a href="/physicians/kelli-shidler">Kelli J. Shidler, M.D.</a></li></ul><p style="text-align:center;"> <img alt="Best of Omaha" src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/BT-best-O-2022_post.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /> </p>
Dr. Michael Dawson Awarded the Caring Kind Awardhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/michael-dawson-awarded-the-caring-kind-awardDr. Michael Dawson Awarded the Caring Kind Award2021-11-11T06:00:00Z<p>​​​​​Michael Dawson, M.D., a pediatrician at Boys Town National Research Hospital, was the recipient of the 2021 Caring Kind Award.<br></p><p>Dr. Dawson is a well-regarded clinician, but his peers will tell you that it's not just his diagnostic ability that earned him this accolade – it's his down-to-earth demeanor and the way he touches the lives of those around him.<br></p><p>When it was time to submit nominations for the Caring Kind Award, stories for Dr. Dawson's nomination poured in. There were accounts of how he'll sit on the floor to meet his pediatric patients where they're comfortable, praises for his focus on making sure the parents of patients have the self-care and well-being resources they need too, grateful recounts of how he's always the first to spearhead a fundraiser for a friend in need or recognize a co-worker's achievements.</p><p>“Amazing, humble, above and beyond – these are just a few of the phrases used to describe Dr. Dawson's compassionate and family-centered care," said Jason Bruce, M.D., Executive Vice President of Healthcare and Director of Boys Town National Research Hospital and Clinics. “He makes everyone he interacts with feel as though they are the only person in the world that matters. He's truly one-of-a-kind, and it is a joy to see him recognized for his service to our patients and their families!"</p><p>Since 1971, the Nebraska Hospital Association has presented the Caring Kind Award to Nebraska's most caring and dedicated health care employees. The recipients of this prestigious award go above and beyond to demonstrate compassion for patients and dedication to service excellence in their job responsibilities. They ensure that care is safe, quality-driven, and cost-effective for consumers as well as the organizations they represent.</p><p>Congratulations to Dr. Dawson on receiving this prestigious award! He is truly one of a kind and Boys Town is very thankful for his contributions in changing the way America cares for children and families!​<br></p>
Unlike Any Other Physical Therapy Clinic – Introducing Boys Town’s Center for Human Performance Optimizationhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/physical-therapy-mobility-research-centerUnlike Any Other Physical Therapy Clinic – Introducing Boys Town’s Center for Human Performance Optimization2021-11-08T06:00:00Z<p>​The Center for Human Performance Optimization at Boys Town National Research Hospital is a place where adolescents who have a physical disability are surrounded by dedicated physical therapists, leading researchers and the most advanced motion technology and equipment to create a unique hybrid in neuroscience care.  This collaborative research style makes the center and the institute unique, not only in Omaha but also nationwide.</p><p>“We have built a world-class environment where we can research cutting-edge physical therapy interventions and training," said Brad Corr, PT, DPT, Associate Director of the Center for Human Performance Optimization (CHPO). “Father Flanagan recognized the importance and strong influence environment has in how we think, perform and learn. The environment in the CHPO is designed to feel more like a fitness or sports facility than a medical clinic."</p><div class="embed-container"> <iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/mmh4rBVGCnw?rel=0" frameborder="0"></iframe> </div> <p>This 2,300-square-foot physical therapy center is filled with equipment that has been specially chosen to enhance skills for kids of all abilities, such as the 60+ foot track with overhead robotics to optimize walking and provide safely guided fall strategies without risk of injury, and specialized split belt and curved treadmills to increase leg power and improve gait. With the Institute for Human Neuroscience next door, collaboration will focus on developing rapid prototypes of technology and therapeutics so that every individual can have a breakthrough in improving their mobility. It is very unusual to find a scenario where science and clinical practices are almost indistinguishable from each other.</p><p>“Our mission is to change the way America cares for children and families," said Ryan McCreery, Ph.D., Vice President of Boys Town Research. “Research plays a major role in that change. Boys Town has a unique approach of blending research and clinical care that generates new and better ways to improve and transform lives. It's what we do every day across all our research, guiding us to better outcomes and helping more children, everywhere." </p><p>Learn more about <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/institute-human-neuroscience/human-performance-optimization"><span style="text-decoration:underline;">Center for Human Performance Optimization</span></a>.</p>
Boys Town Hospital Preschool Inspires Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children to be Superheroeshttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/eternals-deaf-actress-inspires-preschool-children-with-hearing-lossBoys Town Hospital Preschool Inspires Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children to be Superheroes2021-11-05T05:00:00Z<p style="text-align:center;">​<em>​“I'M THE HULK!" “SPIDERMAN!" “BATMAN!" “SUPERMAN!"</em></p><p>Boys Town National Research Hospital's preschool program for children who are deaf or hard of hearing inspires them to be anything and everything they want to be, including superheroes! </p><p>The program is focused on empowering children to reach their highest potential. Serving children since the late 1970s, its goal is to educate children to help them transition into a kindergarten placement with age-appropriate skills in every developmental area. </p><h2> A Superhero Lesson Project</h2><p>In the preschool, learning projects are based on students' interests. And there is always a lot of interest around superheroes. So, a project was developed around the topic. </p><p> <strong>See our creative project, in action:</strong></p><div class="embed-container"> <iframe width="400" height="400" src="https://player.vimeo.com/video/642496078?h=4674d49d1d" frameborder="0"></iframe> </div><p>“The preschool uses art as part of the program because art brings attention to the unique and varied ways that children can express themselves, and it highlights their ability to represent how they view themselves and the world around them," said Cathy Carotta, Ed.D., Director of Clinical and Educational Programs at Boys Town's Center for Childhood Deafness Language and Learning. “Art is instrumental in supporting each child's growth as it provides a vehicle whereby their thoughts, their emotions, and their imaginations are made visible.  It helps children to demonstrate, using multiple mediums, who they are right now and who they are dreaming to become in the future. </p><p>The art program is under the direction of art therapist, Jill Dibbern Manhart.</p><p>A recent fun and empowering role model for the preschool children is included in the new Marvel movie, “Eternals," with lead actor, Lauren Ridloff, who is deaf in real life and the movie. The film includes sign language as part of its dialogue and adaptive techniques were used behind-the-scenes to help Ridloff on the set. </p><p>Adaptive communication strategies and sign language are used every day in Boys Town's preschool program to support the child's individual development. The family's values and culture drive the types of communication methods that are used.  Teachers use a range of approaches including listening and spoken language, sign language, and picture communication systems with children who have cochlear implants and hearing aids. </p><p>The inclusivity of the first deaf Marvel superhero character is inspiring to our preschool children and other children who are deaf or hard of hearing. </p><p>“The Marvel movie is an art form," Carotta said. “And we are happy to see deaf superheroes. This is exactly what we are sharing with our children – that they have unique, wonderful attributes to give to the world." </p><p>The preschool children completed a “Heroes Project" where they learned through a lesson plan that involved superheroes learning about the values of inclusivity and helping themselves and others reach their highest potential, values that are important to and align with Boys Town. In addition, the kids had a blast! </p><p>The Boys Town preschool, teachers and the lessons they create and teach, like the Heroes Project, empower young children to be everything they can be, an important lesson for them to learn when they are young. </p><p> <a href="/services/center-for-childhood-deafness-language-learning/preschool-program">Learn more about the Boys Town National Research Hospital's preschool program.</a></p>
Dr. Sharad Kunnath Named Crohn’s & Colitis Foundations Medical Championhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/sharad-kunnath-gastroenterology-awardDr. Sharad Kunnath Named Crohn’s & Colitis Foundations Medical Champion2021-11-02T05:00:00Z<p>​​​<img src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/kunnath-award_news.jpg" alt="Sharad Kunnath, M.D., Gastroenterologist, Receives Foundation Award" class="ms-rtePosition-2" style="margin:5px;width:300px;height:296px;" />On Saturday, Oct​ober 23, Boy Town Gastroenterologist Sharad Kunnath, M.D., was honored as the 2021 Medical Champion for the Crohn's & Colitis Foundation Nebraska/Iowa Chapter at the Night of Champions Gala in downtown Omaha.</p><p>This award is bestowed on a member of the medical community who assists the Foundation in advancing the mission to find a cure for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and to increase the quality of life for people living with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.</p><p>Dr. Kunnath is a professional member of the Crohn's & Colitis Foundation. He has shared his expertise at Foundation patient education events, supported and participated in the Take Steps annual fundraising walk and encouraged many patients to attend Camp Oasis, a camp created so children with IBD can experience camp and learn that they are never alone in their journey. He is a strong advocate for pediatric patients and their families, connecting them to Foundation resources and providing excellent care on their IBD journey. </p><p>“I thank the Foundation for this honor," Dr. Kunnath said in his acceptance speech Saturday evening. “And I really thank God for each of my IBD patients. I think it's a privilege that I have: to walk this journey with them. I believe I have given a little bit to them, but they have given a lot more to me."</p><p>Congratulations, Dr. Kunnath, for receiving this prestigious recognition! We are grateful for all that you do to change the way America cares for children with IBD, and we are proud to call you a part of the Boys Town family.</p>​<br>
The Dizzy Childhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/diagnosing-dizziness-in-childrenThe Dizzy Child2021-10-14T05:00:00Z<p>​​​While <a href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0030666521001274?via%3Dihub" target="_blank"><em>The Dizzy Child</em></a>, the title of a new paper published in the <em>Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America</em>, by Elizabeth Kelly, M.D., Neurotologist, Kristen Janky, Au.D., Ph.D., Clinical Audiologist and Research Scientist, and Jessie Patterson, Au.D., Ph.D., Clinical and Research Audiologist at Boys Town National Research Hospital, may sound somewhat lighthearted, up to 15% of children have problems with dizziness. </p><p>Unfortunately, most children with dizziness are diagnosed with "unspecified dizziness", which highlights the difficulty many practitioners have in determining the cause of dizziness in children. Therefore, understanding the cause of dizziness in children is a growing area of research.</p><h2>Difficulty in Diagnosing</h2><p>Young children have trouble communicating their symptoms, thus inhibiting medical provider's from making an accurate diagnosis. Balance problems can cause children a great deal of discomfort and stress because they can affect gross motor development and visual acuity. It's no surprise that balance disorders can then impact children's schoolwork, social life, and interactions with family. The longer dizziness goes on, the more a child is negatively impacted. Thus, it's important for caregivers to be aware of changes in a child's behavior or motor function.</p><h2>Aids for Caregivers</h2><p>Two pediatric questionnaires, the <a href="https://www.vumc.org/balance-lab/sites/vumc.org.balance-lab/files/public_files/DHI%20-%20PC.pdf" target="_blank">Pediatric Dizziness Handicap Inventory</a> and the <a href="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_docs/Pediatric-Vestibular-Symptom-Questionnaire.pdf">Pediatric Vestibu​lar Symptom Questionnaire​</a>​ are both available for children age 6 and older to determine the severity of vestibular symptoms. The results garnered from these tools can help a child's medical provider identify the severity of dizziness and monitor changes in symptoms following treatment. </p><h2>Vestibular Evaluation in Children</h2><p>Vestibular loss often results in delayed gross motor skills, such as sitting, standing, and learning to walk. Thus, the medical history can play a critical role in determining whether a child has an underlying vestibular disorder. Children with hearing loss are more likely to have vestibular loss; therefore, children with history of gross motor delay and with history of hearing loss are good candidates for a vestibular evaluation. </p><p>There are a variety of reasons children can become dizzy. For example, vestibular migraines are the most common cause of dizziness in children. Thankfully, some modifications medical and vestibular assessments can be completed in children.</p><p>Learn more about our <a href="/services/ear-nose-throat-institute/hearing-balance/balance-vestibular-evaluations">Balance and Vestibular Evaluations</a> and the <a href="/services/ear-nose-throat-institute/hearing-balance/vestibular-tests-treatments">Vestibular Tests and Treatments</a> offered at Boys Town National Research Hospital. </p><p>To read the full article, <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.otc.2021.06.002" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.otc.2021.06.002</a>.</p>
Annual Research Project Review Showcases Collaborationhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/research-collaboration-reviewAnnual Research Project Review Showcases Collaboration2021-09-28T05:00:00Z<p>​We know knowledge is power and that when you collaborate with others it can lead to important insights and discoveries. That's the goal behind the External Advisory Committee at Boys Town's Center for Perception and Communication in Children.<br></p><p>Each year, a group of Boys Town scientists present their research projects during a two-day meeting with an external advisory group that includes five members who are national leaders in their field of study. Boys Town researchers gain valuable input and feedback from committee members, as well as experience presenting and discussing their research.</p><p>Our 2021 research presentations included: </p><ul><li> <strong> <em>Improving the Diagnosis of Ear Infections</em></strong><br> by <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/faculty/gabrielle-merchant">Gabrielle Merchant, Au.D., Ph.D.</a>, Director of Translational Auditory Physiology and Perception Laboratory</li><li> <strong><em>Understanding How Face Masks Affect Speech Perception </em></strong> <br>by <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/faculty/kaylah-lalonde">Kaylah Lalonde, Ph.D.</a>, Director of Audiovisual Speech Processing Laboratory</li><li> <strong><em>Development of Online Tool for Speech-Language Genetics Research </em></strong> <br>by <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/faculty/hope-sparks-lancaster">Hope Sparks Lancaster, Ph.D.</a>, Director of Etiologies of Language and Literacy Laboratory</li><li> <strong><em>Studying Self-Talk in Children </em></strong> <br>by <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/faculty/angela-aubuchon">Angela AuBuchon, Ph.D.</a>, Director of Working Memory and Language Laboratory </li></ul><p> <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/cobre/external-advisory-committee">Watch videos</a> on the four projects that were presented, and learn more about the External Advisory Committee supporting the Center for Perception and Communication in Children.</p><p>External Advisory Committee members include:  </p><ul><li>Lisa Bedore, Ph.D., a leading expert in developmental language disorders and language learning in children who are Spanish-English bilinguals</li><li> <a href="https://bbs.utdallas.edu/language-in-motion/" target="_blank">Lisa Goffman, Ph.D.</a>, known for her work investigating how the integration of language, speech, and motor interactions impacts typical and atypical language development. </li><li> <a href="https://www.queensu.ca/psychology/speech-perception-and-production-lab" target="_blank">Kevin Munhall, Ph.D.</a>, recognized for his work on the multisensory processes and brain structures involved in face-to-face communication.</li><li> <a href="http://apc.psych.umn.edu/" target="_blank">Andrew Oxenham, Ph.D.</a>, respected for his work on auditory and speech perception, addressing questions related to pitch, speech recognition with acoustic and/or electric hearing, and auditory scene analysis.</li><li> <a href="https://keck.usc.edu/faculty-search/robert-shannon/" target="_blank">Robert Shannon, Ph.D.</a>, known for his work on the perception of speech and non-speech sounds by people with cochlear implants, brainstem implants, and midbrain implants. </li></ul>
Three Boys Town Research Projects Receive ASHA Awardhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/asha-distinguished-editor-award-boys-townThree Boys Town Research Projects Receive ASHA Award2021-09-23T05:00:00Z<p>​<strong>​Three Boys Town Research Projects Receive the Distinguished Editor's Award from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) </strong></p><p>To have one researcher paper recognized for this award is impressive, but we are extremely proud to announce that three publications by four Boys Town researchers have received the Editor's Award from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA).</p><p>Congratulations to Lori Leibold, Director, Ph.D., Director of the Center for Hearing Research; Heather Porter, Ph.D., Research Scientist at the Human Auditory Development Laboratory; Karla McGregor, Director of the Center for Childhood Deafness, Language and Learning; and Krystal Werfel, Ph.D., Research Scientist III, Written Language Laboratory, for receiving this highly esteemed award. </p><p>“We are honored to be recognized for our collaborative work, and hope that it shines some light on the communication challenges children face in noisy environments such as classrooms.," said Dr. Leibold. </p><p>Receiving an Editor's Award is one of the highest honors an individual can receive. It is presented to the editor's choice of the most commendable single article appearing in each journal in 2020. Winning articles are selected by the editorial team, including the editor-in-chief, based on experimental design, teaching-education value, scientific or clinical merit, contribution to the professions, theoretical impact, and/or other indices of merit. </p><p>“Being recognized by leaders in my profession is an honor but being recognized for work that was a product of my heart as well as my brain...even more so," said Dr. McGregor. “I am passionate about raising awareness of Developmental Language Disorder and maybe this award will shine a bit of light in that direction."</p><p>“We are honored to be recognized for this work addressing the complexities of literacy intervention for children with hearing loss and hope that this award will help to inspire and advance other research that addresses this critical issue," stated Dr. Werfel. </p><p>The following articles by Boys Town researchers were selected for this award: </p><p> <em><strong>Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools</strong></em><br><strong>Editor-in-Chief: Holly Storkel</strong><br><a href="https://doi.org/10.1044/2020_LSHSS-20-00003" target="_blank">How We Fail Children With Developmental Language Disorder</a><br> Karla K. McGregor</p><p> <em> <strong>Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research</strong></em><strong>—Hearing Section</strong><br><strong>Editor-in-Chief: Peggy Nelson</strong><br><a href="https://doi.org/10.1044/2020_JSLHR-20-00353" target="_blank">The Clear-Speech Benefit for School-Age Children: Speech-in-Noise and Speech-in-Speech Recognition</a><br> Lauren Calandruccio, Heather L. Porter, Lori J. Leibold and Emily Buss</p><p> <em> <strong>Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups</strong></em><br><strong> </strong><strong>Editor-in-Chief: Brenda Beverly</strong><br><a href="https://doi.org/10.1044/2020_PERSP-20-00023" target="_blank">Teaching Vocabulary to Improve Print Knowledge in Preschool Children With Hearing Loss</a><br> Emily Lund, Carly Miller, W. Michael Douglas and Krystal Werfel</p><p>Congratulations to Dr. Lori Leibold, Dr. Heather Porter, Dr. Karla McGregor and Dr. Krystal Werfel on this prestigious award! </p>
Deepak Madhavan, M.D., MBA, Appointed Chief Medical Officer and Vice President of Medical Affairs at Boys Town National Research Hospitalhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/deepak-madhavan-appointed-chief-medical-officerDeepak Madhavan, M.D., MBA, Appointed Chief Medical Officer and Vice President of Medical Affairs at Boys Town National Research Hospital2021-09-22T05:00:00Z<p>​​Boys Town is pleased to announce the appointment of Deepak Madhavan, M.D., MBA, to the position of Chief Medical Officer and Vice-President of Medical Affairs at Boys Town National Research Hospital.</p><p>Dr. Madhavan joined Boys Town National Research Hospital as the Executive Medical Director of the Pediatric Neuroscience Initiative in May 2019. Over the past two years, he has worked diligently to create the largest, most comprehensive pediatric neuroscience program in the area and increase access to neurological care for children across the Midwest and beyond. </p><p>As Chief Medical Officer and VP of Medical Affairs, Dr. Madhavan will be extending his team- and department-building skills hospital-wide. His duties will include patient safety and accreditation activities within the hospital and among the medical staff. Additionally, Dr. Madhavan will be involved in strategic planning for the hospital, as well as physician recruitment and retention.</p><p>“Dr. Madhavan's dedication to Boys Town's mission is inspiring," said Jason Bruce, M.D., Executive Vice President of Healthcare and Director of Boys Town National Research Hospital and Clinics. “His vision, strategy and expertise will help guide Boys Town Hospital to the next level in the region, bringing life-changing care and hope to more children and families." </p><p>As Dr. Madhavan moves into this position at Boys Town Hospital, he will continue his operational and leadership involvement in the pediatric neuroscience program.</p><p>Prior to joining Boys Town Hospital, Dr. Madhavan was the Director of the Nebraska Comprehensive Epilepsy Program at the University of Nebraska Medical Center. He is board certified in neurology and epilepsy. He received his medical degree from the University of Nebraska Medical Center and completed his neurology residency at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics. He completed a fellowship in clinical neurophysiology and a fellowship in epilepsy, both at New York University.</p>
New Clinic Created Specifically for First-Time Seizures in Kidshttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/first-time-seizure-clinic-now-openNew Clinic Created Specifically for First-Time Seizures in Kids2021-09-16T05:00:00Z<p>​​​We're pleased to introduce <strong>Boys Town's First-Time Seizure Clinic, designed specifically for children who have experienced their very first seizure</strong>. </p><p>Watching a child experience a seizure can strike fear into any parent's heart and finding where to get answers may feel overwhelming.  Now, families have place dedicated specifically for children with first-time seizures, to be seen quickly, with far <strong>less time from call to care</strong>.</p><p> <strong>Boys Town's First-Time Seizure Clinic</strong> is staffed by a team of pediatric neurologists with experience and expertise in epilepsy care. Children are evaluated by pediatric neurologists who specialize in epilepsy care to help identify the cause of the child's first seizure and help the family establish a management or treatment plan if necessary. If needed, diagnostic imaging is available on site, so there's less waiting involved.</p><p>“Our goal with the<strong> </strong>First-Time Seizure Clinic is to see children quickly," said Deepak Madhavan, M.D., Executive Medical Director of Boys Town Pediatric Neuroscience.<strong> “</strong>This is important in first-time seizures because we want the child to receive appropriate medical care as soon as possible if the seizure is serious. And even when it isn't serious, we want parents and children reassured to relieve that stress and concern."</p><p>Parents can <strong>call <a class="tel">531-355-7420</a></strong> to schedule an appointment for a child who has had his/her <em>first</em> seizure within the last month, or is waiting on a referral to a neurologist, and has not yet seen a neurologist or been diagnosed with epilepsy or seizure disorder.</p><p>It is estimated that five to 10 percent of children will have at least one seizure. Not all need ongoing medical care, however Boys Town pediatric neurologists say all children who experience a seizure need to be seen and evaluated by a medical provider. </p><p>Parents waiting for their child to see a neurologist after an emergency room, urgent care clinic or pediatrician visit are encouraged to call for a timely appointment at 531-355-7420. The clinic is located at Boys Town Pediatric Neurology, 14080 Hospital Road on Boys Town Campus.</p><div class="embed-container"> <iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/MHA3bC1pBh0" frameborder="0"></iframe>  <br></div>
Register for MyBoysTown Todayhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/new-patient-portal-availableRegister for MyBoysTown Today2021-08-31T05:00:00Z<p> <strong>​​​​​​MyBoysTown</strong> is a new and improved patient portal experience – connecting your medical, hospital and behavioral health care across all Boys Town services into one record.</p><p>With <strong>MyBoysTown</strong>, you can message your provider, request appointments, review lab results, review and request prescription refills, download school and sports physicals, get health and appointment reminders, review and pay bills and more.</p><p> <em>After hearing from some of our patients, we have made modifications to our enrollment process. Your child's social security number will no longer be needed for enrollment. We want to thank those who reached out to us. Our top priority is the health and safety of children and we will continue to provide the care you have come to know and trust from us.</em></p><h2>Sign Up for MyBoysTown Today!</h2><ul><li>Visit <a href="https://www.myboystown.org/login" target="_blank">MyBoysTown.org</a>.</li><li>Click the "Register Now" button. </li><li>Complete the registration form and create your username and password.</li><li>Provide further verification such as your billing number from your Boys Town statement or​ insurance number located on your insurance card. </li><li>If we can verify your information, you will receive an email to verify we have your correct email address.</li><li>Click the link provided to complete your registration process.</li></ul><p> <strong>Need help?</strong> Call us M-F, 8am-5pm at <a>1-855-364-7945</a> for assistance.</p><h2>Stay Connected with the MyChart App!</h2><p style="text-align:center;"> <img alt="MyChart logo" src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/mychart-large.png" style="margin:5px;" /> </p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a href="https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=epic.mychart.android&hl=en"><img alt="Google Play store" src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/google-play-badge.png" style="margin:5px;width:184px;" /></a> <a href="https://apps.apple.com/us/app/mychart/id382952264"><img alt="apple store" src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/apple-store-badge.png" style="margin:5px;width:164px;" /></a><br></p>​<br>
Cerebral Palsy: Microstructural Changes in the Spinal Cord Tied to Hand Motor Controlhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/cerebral-palsy-microstructural-changes-in-spinal-cord-tied-to-hand-motor-controlCerebral Palsy: Microstructural Changes in the Spinal Cord Tied to Hand Motor Control2021-08-30T05:00:00Z<p>​While the study of brain structure and function in individuals with Cerebral Palsy (CP) is fairly common, until recently, the spinal cord has not been studied as closely due to difficulties with the spasticity caused by CP and the need to remain motionless during Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).</p><div style="width:100%;text-align:center;font-size:10px;margin-right:1rem;float:left;display:block;max-width:400px;"> <img alt="spinal cord image" src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/spinal-cord_rollup.jpg" style="width:100%;display:block;" />Researchers at the Boys Town PoWER Laboratory have published research that ties microstructural changes in the spinal cord, including reduced grey matter in the cross-sectional areas, to deficits in manual dexterity.</div><p>But now, researchers at the Boys Town PoWER  (Physiology of Walking and Engineering Rehabilitation) Laboratory have published research that ties microstructural changes in the spinal cord, including reduced grey matter in the cross-sectional areas, to deficits in manual dexterity.</p><p>“Not only were we able to successfully image the spinal cord in adults with Cerebral Palsy, which has its challenges, but we were able to identify microstructural changes in the upper spinal cord and to connect these changes with hand functioning as measured by a clinical test," said Michael Trevarrow, a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the PoWER Lab. </p><p>“By identifying alterations within the upper spinal cord and directly connecting those to sensory-motor impairments of the upper extremities, we are providing an avenue for future work to establish what other roles the spinal cord plays within this population," Trevarrow said. </p><p>For more information on this exciting new study from the PoWER Lab, visit: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1111/dmcn.14860"><span style="text-decoration:underline;">https://doi.org/10.1111/dmcn.14860</span></a> </p>
New MRI Study: Reduced Threat Responsiveness Corresponds with Aggressive Behaviorhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/new-mri-study-reduced-threat-responsivenessNew MRI Study: Reduced Threat Responsiveness Corresponds with Aggressive Behavior2021-08-24T05:00:00Z<p>​​​​​​​​In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers at Boys Town National Research Hospital Center for Neurobehavioral Research have linked reduced threat and reduced emotional responsiveness to recorded aggressive behavior in researched adolescents during their first three months in the Boys Town residential setting.​​</p><p>Previous studies have attempted to examine relationships between brain responses and self-reported aggression. But this study is the first to have an <em>objective</em> (observed and recorded) measure of aggressive incidents, as judged by trained Family-Teachers® in the Boys Town program.</p><div style="text-align:center;font-size:10px;float:left;display:block;max-width:280px;width:100%;margin-right:1rem;"> <img alt="snake image" src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/looming-stimuli_image2.jpg" style="width:100%;display:block;" />Researchers used images of human and animal figures that were neutral or aggressive to measure threat or emotional response. </div><p>Researchers recruited adolescents shortly after arrival at the Boys Town residential program and measured their threat and emotional response to pictured human and animal figures that were neutral or aggressive as they loomed toward or moved away in the adolescent's field of view. The responses were recorded using an MRI scanner and looking at the reactions in segments of the brain, including the inferior frontal gyrus and the amygdala.  Those brain responses were then related to the number of aggressive incidents shown during the first 3 months of stay at Boys Town.</p><p>Many factors can make a child/adolescent more prone to aggressive behavior, including economic deprivation, poor parenting, maltreatment and even ADHD. But this study looks beyond those factors to neurocognitive dysfunctions that may make an individual more inclined to aggression. The reduced reaction to threat and reduced emotional responsiveness directly (as measured in <strong>M</strong>agnetic <strong>R</strong>esonance <strong>I</strong>maging) correlated to increased recorded episodes of aggressive behavior. </p><p>The researchers hypothesized two potential reasons for this increase. The first being a lack of ability to formulate the consequences of aggressive acts and the second may be related to reduced empathetic responsiveness. Though that wasn't part of this study, the underlying architecture for threat is the same as that for empathy.</p><div style="text-align:center;font-size:10px;float:right;display:block;max-width:280px;width:100%;margin-left:1rem;">​ <img alt="Brain MRI Image" src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/looming-stimuli_image.jpg" style="width:100%;display:block;" />The responses were recorded using an MRI scanner and looking at the reactions in segments of the brain, including the inferior frontal gyrus and the amygdala. </div><p>​“What we clearly do show in this study is that lack of emotional response or reduced response to threat is a risk factor," said Dr. James Blair, Ph.D., one of the researchers and the Director of the Center for Neurobehavioral Research. “And we can understand why it is a risk factor with respect to poor decision making and corresponding empathic issues."</p><p>Asked about the future of this study and its findings, Dr. Blair stated, “We need better risk assessment tools – for aggression, self-harm and other mental health concerns.  This study is an early step in developing the next stage of assessment tools for aggression risk."</p><p>To learn more about the study and its findings, go to:​ <a href="https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsab058" target="_blank">10.1093/scan/nsab058 </a></p>​<br>
Researchers from Madonna Rehabilitation Hospitals Visit Institute for Human Neurosciencehttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/madonna-tourResearchers from Madonna Rehabilitation Hospitals Visit Institute for Human Neuroscience2021-08-23T05:00:00Z<p>​​We were happy to welcome research colleagues from the Institute for Rehabilitation Science and Engineering at Madonna Rehabilitation Hospitals for a tour at our Institute for Human Neuroscience on Boys Town campus. What an inspiring visit with so many smart minds in the room who work every day to advance research that improves the lives of patients, children and families.</p><div style="width:100%;text-align:left;font-size:10px;margin-right:1rem;display:block;max-width:830px;"> <img alt="Madonna Tour Participants" src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/madonna-tour_rollup.jpg" style="width:100%;display:block;" /> <strong>Pictured Left to Right:</strong> Arash Gonabadi, MS, Assistant Research Director Rehabilitation Engineering Center, Madonna; Thad Buster, MS, Chief Research Analyst, Madonna; Judith M. Burnfield, PhD, PT, Director Institute for Rehabilitation Science and Engineering, Director Movement and Neurosciences Center, Madonna; <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/faculty/tony-wilson"> Tony Wilson, Ph.D., Director, Institute for Human Neuroscience</a>, Boys Town; Guilherme Cesar, PhD, PT, Assistant Research Director Movement and Neurosciences Center, Madonna; Susan Fager, PhD, CCC-SLP, Director Communication Center, Madonna; Dr. Jason Bruce, Executive Vice President of Healthcare and Director of Boys Town National Research Hospital and Clinics; Dr. Deepak Madhavan, Executive Medical Director, Boys Town Pediatric Neuroscience; <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/faculty/ryan-mccreery"> Ryan McCreery, Ph.D., Director of Research, Boys Town;</a><a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/faculty/karla-mcgregor"> Karla McGregor, Ph.D., Director, Center for Childhood Deafness, Language and Learning, Boys Town</a> </div>​<br>
COVID-19 Vaccines Available for Patients 5+https://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/covid-19-vaccines-available-for-patients-12-plusCOVID-19 Vaccines Available for Patients 5+2021-08-20T05:00:00Z<p>​​We've seen the reports across the country of the elevated COVID‑19 diagnoses and hospitalizations and the surge of the Delta variant. To help in the fight against this virus, Boys Town physicians and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that those 5 years and older receive the COVID‑19 vaccine as soon as possible. </p><p>Boys Town Pediatrics and Boys Town Internal Medicine are <span style="text-decoration:underline;">currently scheduling appointments for the COVID‑19 vaccine for patients ages 5 and older</span> and their family members. To schedule your vaccine appointment, call <a class="tel">531-355-1234</a> or call your primary care clinic. </p><p>Boys Town Medical Clinics is issuing the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID‑19 vaccine, which is the only vaccine FDA-authorized for children 5 years and older.</p><h2>What You Need to Know</h2><ul><li>COVID-19 vaccines are safe and effective at preventing COVID‑19 disease, especially severe illness and death.</li><li>COVID-19 vaccines reduce the risk of people spreading the virus that causes COVID‑19.</li><li>You may have side effects after vaccination. These are normal and should go away in a few days.</li><li>It typically takes 2 weeks after vaccination for the body to build protection (immunity) against the virus that causes COVID-19. You are not fully vaccinated until 2 weeks after the second dose of a 2-dose vaccine or 2 weeks after a single-dose vaccine.</li></ul><p>For answers to common parent questions, please review this page we created just for you: <br> <a href="/knowledge-center/covid-vaccines-for-kids">What Parents Need to Know about Kids and the COVID‑19 Vaccine</a></p><p>Contact your provider any time you have questions or concerns about your health or your child's health.  </p>
Boys Town National Research Hospital Announces Collaboration with Mayo Clinic in Pediatric Cardiology Carehttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/mayo-clinic-pediatric-cardiology-care-in-omaha-collaborationBoys Town National Research Hospital Announces Collaboration with Mayo Clinic in Pediatric Cardiology Care2021-07-28T05:00:00Z<p>Boys Town National Research Hospital is pleased to announce a new collaboration with Mayo Clinic to provide cardiology care for children in Omaha and surrounding communities.</p><p>Beginning August 2, the pediatric cardiology outreach clinic will provide diagnosis, care and treatment for a range of heart conditions such as murmurs and palpitations, syncope (fainting), chest pain, abnormal heart rhythm and various other congenital defects and heart diseases. </p><p>“We are thrilled to begin this collaboration with our colleagues from Mayo," said Jason Bruce, M.D., Executive Vice President of Health Care and Director of Boys Town National Research Hospital and Medical Clinics. “To provide a comprehensive patient care approach, we bring together multiple specialists to form the child's care team, addressing the physical, developmental and mental health care of the child. Collaborating with Mayo Clinic allows us to bring their expert cardiology care to our patients and community." </p><p>Mayo Clinic cardiologists will see patients at Boys Town Medical Clinics, located on Boys Town campus, at 139<sup>th</sup> and Pacific Street. To learn more about pediatric cardiology, <a href="/services/pediatric-cardiology">request an appointment online</a> or refer a patient by calling <a class="js-phone">(531) 355-6980</a>. </p><p>Mayo Clinic is the second national collaboration with Boys Town National Research Hospital in two years. In 2019, Boys Town Hospital began a collaborative project with Shriners Healthcare for Children-Twin Cities serving as an outreach clinic for their Nebraska patients to receive care closer to home. </p>
Boys Town’s Morgan Busboom Awarded Foundation for Physical Therapy PODS I Scholarshiphttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/morgan-busboom-awarded-foundationBoys Town’s Morgan Busboom Awarded Foundation for Physical Therapy PODS I Scholarship2021-07-26T05:00:00Z<p> <img src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/busboom-morgan.jpg" alt="Morgan Busboom headshot" class="ms-rtePosition-2" style="margin:5px;width:300px;height:300px;" />Morgan Busboom, PT, DPT, of the Institute for Human Neuroscience at Boys Town National Research Hospital, was recently awarded a PODS I Mildred Wood Award from the Foundation for Physical Therapy. Funding from the foundation was provided to 21 of the most promising physical therapist researchers to help these new investigators begin their research careers and complete doctoral studies. </p><p>The award provides professional development opportunities for Busboom, as well as supports her dissertation work that she will be doing at Boys Town. Busboom, a Ph.D., student at the University of Nebraska Medical Center, is working at Boys Town's Institute for Human Neuroscience in the <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/institute-human-neuroscience/power">Physiology of Walking and Engineering Rehabilitation (PoWER) Laboratory</a> under the direction of Max Kurz, Ph.D. </p><p>With the help of this scholarship, Busboom will be focusing her dissertation on a project titled: Robotic Exoskeleton Gait Training in Adolescents with Cerebral Palsy. Through her research, Busboom will be studying new or better ways for patients with cerebral palsy to walk using robotic exoskeleton therapy and how the clinically relevant changes are connected with improvements in the brain and spinal cord activity. </p><p>“We're using the robotic exoskeleton in a way that is a little bit different than you would think. A robotic exoskeleton is used a lot of times in rehab to assist or support a patient as they perform gait training. I am proposing to use the robot to perturb the leg movements during physical therapy to enhance the nervous systems exploration of new and better ways to walk," explained Busboom of her dissertation work. </p><p>Having grown up in Nebraska, Busboom was familiar with Boys Town and is excited to be working in the Institute for Human Neuroscience. “I grew up in Nebraska and had heard about Boys Town. I wasn't aware of all the research opportunities here so that's been the most exciting thing - learning about Dr. Kurz and Dr. Wilson coming to Boys Town and their 'why' for coming here, as well as seeing all of the resources available at Boys Town and the excitement around research," said Busboom. </p><p>In addition to her work at Boys Town, Busboom also is a contracted pediatric physical therapist. “It's interesting to see both the hospital side of physical therapy and the research side. Seeing both helps me to develop new ideas for research." </p><p>“Morgan is extremely creative in her thought process and has a knack for disentangling the source of the movement challenges seen in the patients she treats. She is very deserving of this award and is well on her way towards making an impact on the treatment strategies used at Boys Town and across the clinics in the United States," said Dr. Kurz.</p><p> <em>The </em> <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/institute-human-neuroscience"> <em>Institute for Human Neuroscience</em></a><em> at Boys Town National Research Hospital opened in March 2021. Located on Boys Town campus in Omaha, Nebraska, it is one of the most cutting-edge neuroscience research facilities in the nation and the only site in the world with two next-generation MEG (magnetoencephalography) systems.</em></p>
Change Lives and Earn Moneyhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/change-lives-earn-moneyChange Lives and Earn Money2021-07-21T05:00:00Z<p>You can earn money, help advance science and change lives by participating in research studies this summer at Boys Town! Boys Town is looking for participants from all age groups to join our life-changing research studies. Participants can earn at least $15 per hour for their time. Studies are non-invasive and fun – and can help change the lives of children with hearing, communication, developmental, behavioral and mental health challenges.  We need participants with and without these challenges.</p><p> <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/participate">Browse our list of current openings</a> and sign up today! This is a great summer break activity for kids and adults alike! <strong>Don't see a study that fits you?</strong> Boys Town is always looking for research participants<a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/participate">; sign up</a> to be notified of future studies. </p>
Let the Children Talk (to Themselves) - It Helps Memoryhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/let-the-children-talkLet the Children Talk (to Themselves) - It Helps Memory2021-07-19T05:00:00Z<p>​​​​It's the middle of your remote workday. You leave your home office, but the moment you enter the kitchen, you've completely forgotten what you wanted in the first place. You muse aloud "why did I come in here?" and proceed to talk yourself through the sequence of events that led to your arrival in the kitchen. Adults commonly use these self-talk strategies to remember and problem solve. However, in these days of remote learning, you may have noticed that your children's memory lapses are less often accompanied by self-talk. In fact, it's long been thought that children younger than 7 are unable to use a self-talk tool called rehearsal to help them remember lists of things. But thanks to a modernized version of five-decades-old study, we now have a much better idea of when rehearsal develops.</p><p> <img src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/EAC-Lab-Still-1.jpg" alt="Study participants point to the pictures, just as they did in the original Flavell study." style="margin:5px;" /> <br> </p><div> <span class="ms-rteStyle-References">Study participants point to the pictures, just as they did in the original Flavell study</span>.</div><div> <br> </div><div>In 1966, Flavell, Beach, and Chinksy showed 60 children --5, 7, and 10-year-olds -- sequences of hand drawn pictures. After each sequence, the researchers laid out the pictures and asked the child to point to the pictures in the order. Meanwhile, another researcher discretely watched the child's mouth for subtle movement that indicate the child was talking to herself. In the original study, only the 7- and 10-year-olds spontaneously took advantage of rehearsal to help remember the lists.</div><p> <img src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/EAC-Lab-Still-2.jpg" alt="The participants vision was obstructed during the delay period prior to recall, just as was done in the 1966 study." style="margin:5px;" /> <br> </p> <span class="ms-rteStyle-References">The participants vision was obstructed during the </span> <span class="ms-rteStyle-References"></span> <span class="ms-rteStyle-References">delay period prior to recall, just as was done in the 1966 study.</span> <p> <span class="ms-rteStyle-References"></span> <br></p><p>Fast forward to 2017. Dr. Emily Elliott of Louisiana State University, Dr. Candice Morey of Cardiff University and Dr. Angela AuBuchon of Boys Town National Research Hospital® struggled to reconcile the results from 1966 with new research from their colleague Dr. Chris Jarrold at the University of Bristol. Dr. Jarrold used different methods than the 1966 study, but his results suggested that 5- and 6-year-olds might also be using very simple forms of rehearsal on memory tests. </p><p> <img src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/EAC-Lab-Still-3.jpg" alt="Care was taken to replicate the obstruction of vision during delay periods." style="margin:5px;" /> <br> </p> <span class="ms-rteStyle-References">Care was taken to replicate the obstruction of vision during delay periods.</span> <p> <br> </p><p>Drs. Elliott, Morey, and AuBuchon decided to find out if the inconsistency could be explained by either the differing methods or the passage of time, so they proposed to lead a multi-site registered replication report of the 1966 study. After their proposal was accepted by the journal Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychology Science (AMPPS), they made all of their materials – from the study protocol and experimental program to the data analysis code – available on Open Science Framework (OSF). They invited researchers around the world to conduct the experiment in the own labs and contribute data. Ultimately, the replication included 977 children from 17 labs – including the three lead authors' and Dr. Jarrold's – representing not only the United States and the United Kingdom, but also Turkey, Norway, New Zealand, Germany, Costa Rica, Switzerland, Italy, and Austria.</p><p> <img src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/EAC-Lab-Still-5.jpg" alt="Study participants from 17 sites worldwide were observed as they provided verbal labels for items presented on the computer scre" style="margin:5px;" /> <br> </p> <span class="ms-rteStyle-References">Study participants from 17 sites worldwide were observed as they provided verbal labels for items presented on the computer screen.</span> <p> <br> </p><p>Careful attention was paid to preserving key elements of the original study. However, the replication was modernized to reflect current research practices. For example, pictures were presented on a computer to standardize the experiment across of the labs. They also video recorded the children, when possible, to assure that lip movements were reliably monitored.  The new study also included a subset of 6-year-olds to better asses the presumed transition from non-verbal memorization in younger children to rehearsal in older children.</p><p>The replication upheld the core of Flavell and colleagues 1966 finding – fewer 5- and 6-year-olds than 7- and 10-year-olds used self-talk. Importantly, though, many more 5- and 6- year-olds used self-talk than would have been predicted by the original 1966 study.  With the expanded study size, 75% of 5-year-olds were found to verbalize as a memory tool at least part of the time, versus 10% in the Flavell study. The updated research also suggests that increased verbalization led to increased memory span performance in the participating children regardless of the participants' age. The benefits of pointing and verbalizing in these memory exercises were particularly prominent in 6-year-olds, who were added to the replication study and were not present in Flavell's original study.</p><p> <a href="https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/25152459211018187" target="_blank">Click here</a> to read the newly published replication study.</p><p><a href="https://doi.org/10.1177/25152459211018187" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1177/25152459211018187</a></p>​<br>
Boys Town Researchers Find Generalized Anxiety Disorder in Adolescents Can Significantly Impair Quality of Lifehttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/Anxiety-Disorder-in-AdolescentsBoys Town Researchers Find Generalized Anxiety Disorder in Adolescents Can Significantly Impair Quality of Life2021-07-02T05:00:00Z<p>​​​​​​​​<img src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/GAD-images.jpg" alt="GAD" class="ms-rtePosition-2" />A quality life is where our goals and aspirations flourish.  But a quality life is more challenging for adolescents to achieve if they have generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and are plagued with constant worries​ about almost everything.</p><p>This suffering is especially poignant for researchers at Boys Town, where 30% of the adolescents in the Family Home Program arrive with some level of generalized anxiety disorder. Until recently, GAD in adolescents has seen very little neuroimaging research.</p><p>“A major problem we see in adolescents with GAD is the recruitment of the brain regions involved in response control and attention," explained Karina Blair, Ph.D., Director of the Program for Trauma and Anxiety in Children (PTAC) at Boys Town National Research Hospital. “Response control and attention are what allows us to concentrate on useful activities. That part of the brain (top-down attentional control) helps us reduce distraction and lets us focus on what is necessary and what we need to do to achieve our goals in life."</p><p>Researchers believe that the difficulties that adolescents with GAD have in engaging top-down brain functions cause them to be more prone to distractions, especially distractions that are worrying. It is also possible that consistent worry interferes with their ability to control responses and attention, so the worry-distraction, distraction-worry scenario may be a two-way path.</p><p>Investigations like this one may pave the way for ​future brain-level studies that index treatment response. By understanding the brain-level difficulties face​d by adolescents with GAD, one can develop biomarkers of those difficulties so that we can be sure whether a treatment has helped or whether additional remedies need to be considered.</p><p>To read the full article, <a href="https://doi.org/10.1002/brb3.1994" target="_blank">click here</a>.<br></p> <style> .ms-rtePosition-2 { width:450px; height:auto; float:right; } @media only screen and (max-width: 600px) { .ms-rtePosition-2 { display:block; float:none; } } </style>​<br>
Boys Town Pediatric Neuroscience Continues to Grow, Announces Rare Disease and Neurogenetics Care for Kidshttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/boys-town-pediatric-neuroscience-announces-rare-disease-neurogenetic-careBoys Town Pediatric Neuroscience Continues to Grow, Announces Rare Disease and Neurogenetics Care for Kids2021-05-04T05:00:00Z<p>​Boys Town National Research Hospital is proud to announce the addition of the <a href="/services/pediatric-neuroscience/neurogenetics">Neurogenetics and Rare Disease Clinic</a> as part of Boys Town's growing Pediatric Neuroscience program to help patients and primary care doctors alike who have been searching for answers to rare medical conditions.</p><p>Boys Town Neurogenetics and Rare Disease Clinic is led by <a href="/physicians/dinesh-lulla">Dinesh Lulla, M.D.​</a>, pediatric neurologist and neurogeneticist. Dr. Lulla specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of rare diseases that includes genetic epilepsies, leukodystrophy (white matter disorders of the brain), ataxia (balance disorders in children) and, a variety of different movement disorders, in addition to complicated genetic diseases and disorders that cause neurodevelopmental delays and regression in children.</p><p>In the United States, a disease is considered rare if it affects less than 200,000 people, or one in 1,500 individuals.</p><p>When asked what made him want to open the clinic, Dr. Lulla, whose calm and comforting demeanor is so reassuring to anxious patients, said, “When I was training as a general pediatric neurology resident, there were many patients with undiagnosed rare conditions. The way it impacts patients in terms of the physical burden of the disease itself, the emotional burden on the patient and the family, and the economic burden is difficult. I wanted to be an advocate for these patients in finding hope and a cure for some conditions, or just being there for them to explain a difficult diagnosis."</p><h2>A Comprehensive Clinic for Neurological Puzzles</h2><p>Treating rare diseases is often like putting together the pieces of a puzzle. Clinical presentations of rare diseases are not always clear – individual symptoms may lead a patient from one specialist to another. The goal of Dr. Lulla's clinics is to provide advocacy and hope for patients who have long been looking for answers.</p><p>“Often, a child with a rare disease will have multiple organ systems involved in addition to the brain," said Dr. Lulla. “Sometimes, they are seeing multiple specialists. But what is really important for them is to have a specialist in place who zooms out and looks at the bigger picture. I don't look at the body as 'this is just the heart' or 'this is a problem with the stomach,' but I'm looking at you as a whole person and connecting the dots to find the bigger picture."</p><p>Boys Town Neurogenetics and Rare Disease Clinic provides Omaha and the surrounding regions a place where patients can receive this type of comprehensive assessment. With each new patient, Dr. Lulla conducts a comprehensive assessment that includes a thorough physical examination, any necessary lab work and a review of the patient's family history. Supporting him is a dedicated neuroscience genetic counselor who helps the patient and family through a very detailed three-generation family history. Plus, the clinic works on authorizing tests with the insurance companies, so families don't end up with unexpected bills.   </p><h2>World Class Care in Nebraska</h2><p>Boys Town Hospital is positioning itself to be the region's premier pediatric neuroscience provider. Prior to the recent founding of Boys Town Pediatric Neuroscience, Nebraska and the region have been historically underserved in this specialty.</p><p>“One thing that really got me interested in Nebraska is that it has been underserved, not only in neurogenetics but also in general child neurology care, which is my passion," said Dr. Lulla. “We want families to know that we do see rare diseases here," he said. “They don't have to travel to Colorado or Kansas City to look for an answer. We have the support team available here to help our patients go through that diagnostic journey."</p><p>Boys Town ​Neurogenetics and Rare Disease Clinic is open at the Downtown Medical Campus at 555 North 30<sup>th</sup> Street (30<sup>th</sup> and Dodge). Patients have access to the comprehensive team of pediatric neurologists and genetic specialists, as well as the neurology, neurosurgery and neurodevelopment programs that make up Boys Town Pediatric Neuroscience. </p><div class="embed-container"><iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/KglW--X0WD0" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0"></iframe> </div>
Boys Town Hospital Announces New Surgery Clinichttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/pediatric-general-thoracic-surgery-opens-new-omaha-locationBoys Town Hospital Announces New Surgery Clinic2021-04-26T05:00:00Z<p>​Boys Town Pediatric General and Thoracic Surgery has opened a new clinic at Boys Town Medical Clinics on 30<sup>th</sup> and California Street to provide greater access to general surgical care for children in eastern Omaha and southwestern Iowa. Led by pediatric surgeon Robert Cusick, M.D., the clinical team at this location is bilingual in English and Spanish. </p><p>Boys Town Pediatric General and Thoracic surgery can see new patients within days, and emergencies are seen immediately. The surgical team specializes in the diagnosis, treatment and management of conditions in the esophagus, stomach, intestine, appendix, colon, bile ducts, liver, pancreas, spleen, lungs and mediastinum and other common procedures. The team provides surgeries related to:</p><ul><li>Weight management</li><li>Cancer and tumors</li><li>Colon, rectum and bowel</li><li>Lungs and chest</li><li>Thyroid and endocrine systems</li><li>Hernias and reproductive organs</li></ul><p>“We strive to serve as a community resource," said Jason Bruce, M.D., Executive Vice President of Healthcare at Boys Town and Director of Boys Town National Research Hospital and Medical Clinics. “With more clinic locations, telemedicine visits and physician consultations, we're keeping our patients first, providing them with increased access to the care that families, physicians and providers have come to trust."</p><p>The surgical team at Boys Town Hospital also includes boa​rd-certified physician anesthesiologists, board-certified pediatric anesthesiologists and pediatric trained nurses. Should a patient need additional care, we are backed by a team of pediatric intensivists and pediatric hospitalists in our inpatient and advanced care units.</p><p>Learn more about <a href="/services/pediatric-general-thoracic-surgery">Boys Town Pediatric General and Thoracic Surgery</a>. </p><h2>New Clinic Video Walkthrough<br></h2><div class="embed-container"><iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/tUmTFArfSAY" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0"></iframe> </div>
Boys Town Names New Executive Vice President of Healthcarehttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/jason-bruce-named-executive-vice-president-healthcare-boys-townBoys Town Names New Executive Vice President of Healthcare2021-04-13T05:00:00Z<p>Boys Town is pleased to announce the appointment of Jason Bruce, M.D., as Executive Vice President of Healthcare and Director of Boys Town National Research Hospital and Clinics. </p><p>“Dr. Bruce is a trusted and compassionate physician with a long-standing commitment to service in our community," said Rod Kempkes, CEO at Boys Town. “His leadership and heart will help guide our efforts in shaping the way America cares for children, families and patients."</p><p>As interim Executive Vice President of Healthcare, Dr. Bruce was instrumental in helping the organization navigate a global pandemic while also ensuring hospital operations continued to thrive through many changes. </p><p>Dr. Bruce joined Boys Town in 2006 as a pediatrician. Throughout the last 15 years, he has held various leadership roles within Boys Town National Research Hospital, including Medical Director of Same Day Pediatrics, Pediatric Practice Leader for Boys Town Pediatrics, Associate Medical Director for Primary Care, and most recently serving as Chief Medical Officer and interim Executive Vice President and Director of Boys Town National Research Hospital. </p><p>Dr. Bruce earned his Doctor of Medicine from Creighton University in 2003. He is a current participant in the Certified Physician Executive (CPE) Program with the American Association for Physician Leadership. </p><p>He continues to be involved in the Omaha community as an active member of Metro Omaha Medical Society and volunteer for his church and his children's school and youth athletic teams. In addition, he volunteered at several professional organizations, including volunteer physician for the Institute for Latin American Concern (ILAC), volunteer parenting class teacher for Essential Pregnancy Services, and committee member for Building Bright Futures – Omaha. </p>
Introducing a Ground-Breaking New Institute at Boys Town National Research Hospitalhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/new-research-institute-for-human-neuroscienceIntroducing a Ground-Breaking New Institute at Boys Town National Research Hospital2021-03-29T05:00:00Z<p>​​Boys Town National Research Hospital® is revolutionizing child and teen brain research at the new <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/institute-human-neuroscience">Institute for Human Neuroscience</a>, which opened in March 2021. The Institute is in a brand-new 15,000+ square foot research facility specifically built for this group of researchers and their state-of-the-art equipment. As one of the most cutting-edge neuroscience research facilities in the nation, it includes a high-performance research-grade Siemens Prisma MRI and two next-generation MEG (magnetoencephalography) systems. </p><p> <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/faculty/tony-wilson">Tony Wilson, Ph.D.</a>, tapped to lead the new Institute, has also been named the Patrick E. Brookhouser Endowed Chair in Cognitive Neuroscience at Boys Town National Research Hospital.  </p><p>“One of the main reasons we came to Boys Town was the opportunity to build an incredible institute in an amazing environment. As the only site in the world with two next-generation MEG Neo systems, we'll have twice the capacity for major discoveries in pediatric neuroscience and neurotherapeutics and be able to impact the lives of children and families directly," said Wilson.</p><p>Wilson brings a team of almost 50 research scientists and staff who will work to understand how the brain changes as kids move through puberty and into young adulthood. The group will also study the impact of traumatic experiences on brain development and the brain changes associated with the emergence of psychiatric conditions like anxiety disorders, depression or schizophrenia. </p><p>The Institute of Human Neuroscience aligns directly with Boys Town's mission and growth of its Pediatric Neuroscience program. The emphasis will be on pediatric brain health and contribute directly to improved outcomes in children receiving care from our neurologists, neurosurgeons and behavioral health teams.  </p><p>For example, MEG is FDA-approved for use in identifying the focus of epileptic seizures. It creates the opportunity for neuroscience researchers to pinpoint the origin of such seizures, which can then be removed through surgery to maximize positive outcomes.</p><p>When the Institute is fully operational it will house nine to 10 different laboratories and 100 to 120 researchers, all under one roof. Each lab will focus on different sub-areas of human neuroscience using MRI, MEG and other state-of-the-art methods. Each laboratory will function independently, studying ​different disorders, different populations and different therapeutics.</p><p>“We're so excited to work in such a collaborative environment," noted Wilson. “We think it's going to give rise to a lot of​ great science that wouldn't have otherwise occurred."</p><p>“At Boys Town National Research Hospital our mission is to change the way America cares for children and families – and to do that, we've brought together the nation's best scientists to develop new and better treatments and intervention methods," said Ryan McCreery, Ph.D., Director of Boys Town Research. “Dr. Wilson and his team bring that expertise in neuroscience. What is learned in the lab will directly apply to our clinical care so that more children and families can benefit from this life-changing research."</p><div class="embed-container"> <iframe src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/ylxUx2KtfCU" title="YouTube video player" width="560" height="315" frameborder="0"></iframe> </div>
Tony W. Wilson, Ph.D., Named Patrick E. Brookhouser Endowed Chair in Cognitive Neurosciencehttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/tony-wilson-patrick-brookhouser-endowed-chair-cognitive-neuroscienceTony W. Wilson, Ph.D., Named Patrick E. Brookhouser Endowed Chair in Cognitive Neuroscience2021-03-28T05:00:00Z<p> <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/faculty/tony-wilson">Tony W. Wilson, Ph.D.</a>, Director of the new <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/institute-human-neuroscience">Institute for Human Neuroscience at Boys Town National Research Hospital</a>, has been named the first recipient of the Patrick E. Brookhouser Endowed Chair in Cognitive Neuroscience. </p><p>Dr. Wilson is nationally recognized for his work utilizing neuroimaging to investigate typical and atypical brain development and use those findings to predict long-term outcomes and derive therapeutics.  He brings a team of almost 50 research scientists and staff who will work to understand how the brain changes as kids move through puberty and into young adulthood, which is obviously a period of major cognitive and emotional change.</p><p>Translating research to improve lives has been at the core of Boys Town Hospital since opening in 1977. Founding hospital director, Patrick E. Brookhouser, M.D. was a gifted physician and surgeon, and dedicated his life to being a steward of Father Flanagan's dream to help children. He was recognized across the U.S. for the ground-breaking research he initiated in the treatment and prevention of hearing loss and other communication disorders.  </p><p>“One of the unique things about holding the Brookhouser Endowed Chair is that I was fortunate enough to meet him when I first moved to Omaha", said Wilson. “Brookhouser believed that ground-breaking research wasn't enough. The findings need to be used to improve medical care and make lives better for children and families. One of the main reasons we came to Boys Town was the opportunity to build an incredible institute in an amazing environment to directly impact the lives of children and families. Boys Town has the infrastructure and a history of doing things like this and we are excited to carry on this critical mission. I think Dr. Brookhouser would have been excited about the unique opportunities that this Institute presents for pediatric brain health."</p><p>The Institute for Human Neuroscience is in a brand-new 15,000+ square foot research facility specifically built for this group of researchers and their state-of-the-art equipment. As one of the most cutting-edge neuroscience research facilities in the nation it includes a high-performance research-grade Siemens Prisma MRI and two next-generation MEG (magnetoencephalography) systems.</p>
Boys Town Leads National Research Efforts with Twice the Capacity for Major Discoveries in Pediatric Neurosciencehttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/boys-town-leads-research-efforts-in-pediatric-neuroscienceBoys Town Leads National Research Efforts with Twice the Capacity for Major Discoveries in Pediatric Neuroscience2021-03-27T05:00:00Z<p> <em>​​“As the only site in the world with two next-generation MEG Neo systems, we'll have twice the capacity for major discoveries in pediatric neuroscience and </em> <em>neurotherapeutics</em><em> and be able to directly impact the lives of children and families. Boys Town has the infrastructure and a history of doing things like this and we are excited to carry on this critical mission," said </em> <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/faculty/tony-wilson"> <em>Tony Wilson, Ph.D.</em></a><em>, Director of the </em> <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/institute-human-neuroscience"> <em>Institute for Human Neuroscience</em></a><em> and Patrick E. Brookhouser Endowed Chair in Cognitive Neuroscience. </em></p><p>MEG (magnetoencephalography) is unique in that it can see what is happening in the brain at a very fast millisecond level – meaning that it will allow researchers to image the brain at the speed of thought. With MEG, it is possible to see thoughts and sensations evolving in the brain as one processes their environment.</p><p>“In some of our MEG experiments, we show individuals a picture of a word, then we can watch the portion of their brain that controls vision activate or light up," said Wilson.  “And from there, we can watch it progress through the brain and activate different regions as the person sounds out the word, then understands the meaning of the word, and then vocalizes the word."</p><p>MEG technology uses highly sensitive magnetic sensors that are configured into a helmet to measure brain function. The helmet is comfortable, and participants are typically seated with their head within the helmet throughout the study. MEG studies are noninvasive, totally quiet, and are often a better fit for children than an MRI given the comfort factor.</p><p>An example of a practical application is for patients who have brain tumors. In the case of a brain tumor, surgery is performed to remove the tumor. But outcomes are much better if important functions such as the motor control of hands, feet and face can be accurately mapped. Further, mapping the location of the person’s language function with MEG can help ensure the patient does not have a major language deficit following the surgery. The MEG map of these essential functions is passed on to the neurosurgeon so that these parts of the brain can be spared to the extent possible during the surgery.<br></p><p>The <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/institute-human-neuroscience">Institute for Human Neuroscience</a> is one of the most cutting-edge neuroscience research facilities in the nation, and includes a high-performance research-grade Siemens Prisma MRI, two next-gene​ration MEG systems, a mock Prisma MRI scanner, and other state-of-the-art instruments for human neuroscience research. This technology supports the work of the research team to define normal brain development in children and identify the impact of traumatic experiences on brain development, as well as the brain changes associated with the emergence of psychiatric conditions like anxiety disorders, depression or schizophrenia.</p><h2>What is MEG (magnetoencephalography)?</h2><div class="embed-container"> <iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/2JS3wY0qAhs" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0"></iframe> </div><h2>Cutting-Edge Neuroscience Technology</h2><div class="embed-container"><iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/x_fc4n6CwKE" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0"></iframe> </div>
Building a Center of Excellence in Neuroscience Researchhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/boys-town-builds-center-of-excellence-for-neuroscience-researchBuilding a Center of Excellence in Neuroscience Research2021-03-27T05:00:00Z<p>​​With the opening of The Institute for Human Neuroscience, Boys Town National Research Hospital is setting the pace for neuroscience research. </p><p>Unlike an already existing research center, the faculty at the Institute for Human Neuroscience had lots of input into creating this unique new workspace. They worked with the architects to make the building fit their vision for the best way to have patients and instruments all in the same spaces. Part of the plan was to develop a lab that would allow epilepsy patients to have a MEG and an MRI all in one visit. And having a research institute directly onsite means translating research to improve care can happen at a faster rate and help change the way America cares for children and families, everywhere.</p><p>“One of the main reasons we came to Boys Town was the opportunity to build an incredible institute in an amazing environment," said Wilson. “As the only site in the world with two next-generation MEG Neo systems, we'll have twice the capacity for major discoveries in pediatric neuroscience and neurotherapeutics and be able to directly impact the lives of children and families. Boys Town has the infrastructure and a history of doing things like this and we are excited to carry on this critical mission."</p><p>Also unique to this field of study is the work environment at Boys Town. When the Institute is fully operational it will house nine to ten different laboratories and between 100 to 120 researchers, all under one roof. Each of these labs will focus on different sub-areas of human neuroscience using MRI, MEG, and other state-of-the-art methods.</p><p>“All of us are different, we're experts in different things, and the niche that we know better than anything else is unique amongst all of us. We're excited to work in such a collaborative environment," noted Wilson. “We think it's going to give rise to a lot of great science that wouldn't have otherwise occurred."</p><h2>Six Neuroscience Research Labs…and Growing</h2><p>The breadth of study available from the moment the Institute opens will be impressive. With six key labs already conducting research on Boys Town campus with room to grow. </p><p>The <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/institute-human-neuroscience/dicon">Dynamic Imaging of Cognition & Neuromodulation (<strong>DICoN</strong>) Laboratory</a>v uses multimodal brain imaging to investigate the neural dynamics that underlie visual processing, attention and motor control in children and adults. A key goal is to determine how these brain dynamics predict cognitive performance in real time.</p><p>The primary aim of the <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/institute-human-neuroscience/brain-architecture-imaging-cognition">Brain Architecture, Imaging and Cognition (<strong>BrAIC</strong>) Laboratory</a> is to investigate the architecture of the brain and its association with cognition in health and disease, using a combination of behavioral and neuroimaging techniques. The goal is to use an integrative approach to map the brain networks that support cognitive abilities, and understand how different factors, such as age, environment and disorders, impact their interactions. </p><p>The <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/institute-human-neuroscience/power">Physiology of Walking & Engineering Rehabilitation (<strong>PoWER)</strong> Laboratory</a> primarily focuses on how humans process/attend to sensory information, produce motor actions and learn new motor skills. The laboratory uses a blend of MEG/EEG neuroimaging and advanced biomechanical engineering analyses. The outcomes are directed at the development of new technologies for rehabilitation and therapeutic approaches for improving the mobility of patients with developmental disabilities. </p><p>The <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/institute-human-neuroscience/developmental-clinical-neuroscience">Developmental Clinical Neuroscience (<strong>DCN</strong>) Laboratory</a> seeks to better understand how serious behavioral problems, particularly aggression, dev​elop and to better understand why trauma and PTSD play a large role triggering serious behavioral problem in some, but not all, youth. The lab examines changes in the brain and in endocrine function (hormones) and how those changes can lead to understanding the origins of serious behavioral problems.</p><p>The overarching goals of the <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/institute-human-neuroscience/casi">Cognitive and Sensory Imaging <span><span>(<strong>CASI</strong>)</span></span> Laboratory</a> are to understand the interactions between sensory experience and higher-order cognition such as working memory and executive function, and to characterize what these interactions look like in the brain. Current research focuses on the impact of hearing loss, and the quality and frequency of subsequent hearing interventions, on cognitive and neural development in children and adolescents.</p><p>The <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/institute-human-neuroscience/neurodiversity"><strong>Neurodiversity</strong> Laboratory</a> is dedicated to studying individual variability in neurocognitive development during childhood and adolescence. Development is a dynamic process that is continually modulated by one's environment and experiences. This lab uses advanced statistical modeling techniques and cutting-edge neuroimaging to explain the complex interactions between brain, behavior and environment, with the goal of producing knowledge that helps families and individuals thrive.  </p><div class="embed-container"><iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/5DsvdsZIqeA" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0"></iframe> </div>
Physical Therapy May Hold the Key to Brain-Based Changes in Adults with Cerebral Palsyhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/physical-therapy-for-adults-with-cerebral-palsyPhysical Therapy May Hold the Key to Brain-Based Changes in Adults with Cerebral Palsy2021-03-26T05:00:00Z<p>A recent study conducted by the <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/institute-human-neuroscience/power">Power of Walking & Engineering Rehabilitation (PoWER) Laboratory</a>, part of the Boys Town National Research Hospital® Institute for Human Neuroscience, used MEG (magnetoencephalography) imaging to study the brain activity of people with cerebral palsy to sensations applied to the leg.  </p><p>“This study measures what happens as individuals move into adulthood, which is a critical window that changes their mobility and motor actions," said <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/faculty/max-kurz">Max Kurz, Ph.D.</a>, director of the PoWER Laboratory. “What we've found is that when those sensations are applied, the brain is not as active as it is for the general population."</p><p>As people age, they do not register sensations as acutely as when they were younger. This study finds that the population with cerebral palsy has an accelerated downward trajectory in their nervous system. Essentially, people with cerebral palsy have nervous systems that age faster. </p><p>That can have detrimental effects on the lives of patients with cerebral palsy since even everyday activities like the ability to button a shirt or brush their teeth can become difficult.</p><p>“So, we've identified these deficits," said Kurz. “Now the question is how we alter them? How can we make the decline not so steep so that it becomes more normalized and maybe their nervous system doesn't age as fast?" </p><p>Currently, the PoWER lab uses physical therapy for patients with cerebral palsy to keep sensations flowing to the brain, improving the brain's flexibility and maintaining its ability to register sensations. </p><p>For example, if you sit in a chair all day long, your muscle tone diminishes. If people with cerebral palsy move less as they enter adulthood, their brain loses tactile acuity, which makes registering sensations even more difficult. The effects of this loss can be spiraling. The less confident a person is in their ability to read sensations, the less likely they are to move and the more out-of-practice the brain becomes at interpreting the signals it does get.</p><p>“We've done a small study which is physical therapy-based. And what we're seeing is that the brain's reactivity and registry of sensations is improved," said Kurz. “ We're looking to start a larger clinical research project soon that will champion the use of physical therapy. We hope to understand the key ingredients for making these brain-based changes."</p><p>For more information about the study just published, visit: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1113/JP280400" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1113/JP280400</a></p>
Boys Town National Research Hospital & Rush University Medical Center Receive a Shared NIH Research Granthttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/nih-research-grant-awarded-to-boys-town-rush-universityBoys Town National Research Hospital & Rush University Medical Center Receive a Shared NIH Research Grant2021-03-18T05:00:00Z<p>​Anyone who has ever spent time in a highly interactive school environment knows how noisy all that input and feedback can be.  </p><p>That's why researchers <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/faculty/katherine-gordon">Katherine Gordon, Ph.D.</a>, Research Scientist in the Center for Childhood Deafness, Language and Learning at Boys Town National Research Hospital®, and Tina Grieco-Calub, Ph.D., Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences at Rush University Medical Center, are studying how constant noise affects children's ability to learn and retain new words. This work is being funded by a grant through the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).</p><div style="width:500px;margin:0px auto;display:table;"><div style="display:table-row;text-align:center;"> <span style="display:table-cell;"><img src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/Gordon-Katherine.jpg" alt="" style="border-radius:8px;width:200px;" /></span><span style="display:table-cell;"><img src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/GriecoCalub-Tina.jpg" alt="" style="border-radius:8px;width:200px;" /></span></div><div style="display:table-row;text-align:center;"><p style="display:table-cell;text-align:center;">Katherine Gordon, Ph.D.</p><p style="display:table-cell;text-align:center;"> Tina Grieco-Calub, Ph.D.</p></div></div><h2>A New Focus Brings New Collaboration</h2><p>Boys Town Hospital has been a leader in childhood hearing research since its inception in 1977. In recent years, interdisciplinary research questions on the relation between hearing and language arose. As a result, a team of language researchers was assembled to complement the team of hearing researchers, leading to many collaborative projects. </p><p>“In 2017, Boys Town National Research Hospital began building a program devoted to research in language science. Dr. Gordon was our first hire, and she continues to be an essential part of that program. Her newly funded project with Dr. Grieco-Calub marries our more recent focus on language with our traditional focus on hearing. I can't imagine a better team for advancing our understanding of the effect of noise on children's language learning," explained <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/faculty/karla-mcgregor">Karla McGregor, Ph.D.</a>, and Director at the Center for Childhood Deafness, Language and Learning at Boys Town Hospital.</p><p>The two researchers were introduced by Lori Leibold, Ph.D., Director of the Center for Hearing Research at Boys Town Hospital, who felt that their unique sets of skills would work well together. </p><p>“After learning of their research interests, I told both that I thought they should meet. Dr. Grieco-Calub visited Boys Town National Research Hospital in person and we set up a meeting between Katie [Dr. Gordon] and Tina [Dr. Grieco-Calub]. The rest is history," recalls Leibold. Leibold serves as a consultant on the grant.</p><h2> Language and Noise</h2><p>Language learning is an established field, but for years it has not included the noise component. Research has been primarily conducted in quiet settings. On the other side is hearing science, which has mostly focused on how people perceive words they already know, not how they learn new words in noisy environments. Both fields have gaps in knowledge, and Gordon and Grieco-Calub are targeting those gaps together to figure out how children learn new words in noisy environments.  </p><h2> Noise and Environment</h2><p>Different types of environments contain different types of background noise. This grant will allow Boys Town Hospital and Rush University Medical Center to look at how those different types and intensities of noise affect word learning. For example, in a classroom, there might be a fan running and kids talking in the background; right now, the effects of these factors on new language acquisition are unknown. </p><p>Children live, play and learn in environments that are often noisy. To understand language development, it is essential to understand how children learn language in different types of noise. Furthermore, there are some children who may particularly struggle with learning language in noise, such as children who are hard-of-hearing and children with language disorders. This study's long-term goal is to determine factors that can be changed to support word learning in the typical classroom environment. This should benefit all children, but especially benefit children who are strongly affected by the noise in their environments. </p><p>For more information on the study parameters, see <a href="https://projectreporter.nih.gov/project_info_description.cfm?aid=10052623&icde=53119606&ddparam=&ddvalue=&ddsub=&cr=2&csb=default&cs=ASC&pball=" target="_blank">Effects of background noise on word learning in preschool-age children</a>. As this study progresses, watch for Boys Town Hospital and Rush University Medical Center to publish additional updates. </p>
Do You Run Down the Mountain or Descend? That All Depends on Your Native Language!https://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/run-down-mountain-or-descendDo You Run Down the Mountain or Descend? That All Depends on Your Native Language!2021-03-18T05:00:00Z<p>​Have you ever wondered why a foreign language may sound “wrong" when you've translated it into English?  It's because that language may express certain parts of speech differently. Different groups of languages use verbs to express different aspects of motion, and the people who speak these different languages <span style="text-decoration:underline;">expect</span> to hear motion described in a certain way. </p><p> <img src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/SamanthaEmersonLecture.png" alt="Samantha Emerson Lecture" class="ms-rtePosition-1" style="margin:5px;width:285px;height:445px;" />Samantha Emerson, Ph.D., conducted a study focused on what listeners' expectations were for the expression of motion. For example, what does an English speaker expect to hear, versus what a Spanish speaker expects to hear, when discussing someone headed down the mountain? </p><p>An English speaker expects the manner of the motion (or how the motion verb is carried out) to be included in the verb or come first, hence, the phrase “run down the mountain." 'Run' describes how the subject is moving (the manner), and 'down' describes where the subject is moving (or, the path of the verb). A Spanish speaker, on the other hand, expects the path to be the important part; therefore, a phrase like “descend the mountain running" is used.  'Descend' tells us where the subject is going (the path), and 'running' tells us how the subject is moving (the manner).</p><p>“The important thing about this paper is it's the first one to show that not only do we talk about motion differently, but it effects the way we <span style="text-decoration:underline;">think</span> about motion, even though physical motions happen the same way regardless," noted Emerson, who is now a researcher at the Center for Childhood Deafness, Language and Learning at Boys Town National Research Hospital®. </p><p>The answers to these questions are important. The findings from this research could eventually help those trying to learn a second language. It could also assist people with developmental language disorder in understanding patterns beyond the basic rules of grammar in their native language. </p><p>“They tell us something about learning a new language," said Emerson. “Learning to speak a language fluently involves more than just the rules of grammar. This (study) provides a neural basis for observations about how we prefer to talk about motion, but also affects how easy it is to process other people's speech."</p><p>Learn how the researchers created this <a href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0028393220303109" target="_blank">fascinating study</a>.</p>
Lockdowns Increase Insomnia and Jeopardize Mental Healthhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/research-lockdowns-insomnia-mental-healthLockdowns Increase Insomnia and Jeopardize Mental Health2021-03-10T06:00:00Z<p>At the end of March 2020, more than 1.3 billion people in India entered a stringent 21-day lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic. </p><p> <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/faculty/sahil-bajaj">Sahil Bajaj, Ph.D.</a>, Director of the Multimodal Clinical Neuroimaging Laboratory (MCNL) at the <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/neurobehavioral">Center for Neurobehavioral Research</a> at Boys Town National Research Hospital®, saw the need to quickly study how this would affect Indian residents' sleep health and how that could relate to millions of people across the world who were experiencing the same lockdown conditions.</p><p>The study looked at gender, age, income level and how worried respondents were about becoming ill using a Worry Scale, a Sleep-Quality Scale, and a Depression Symptom Scale. Residents completed the scales only during the weeks of lockdown. </p><p>A hefty 53% of respondents rated themselves as having low to severe insomnia during the COVID-19 lockdown.</p><p>Bajaj and his team wanted to make sure the insomnia was related to the COVID-19 pandemic and wasn't simply a pre- existing condition. The researchers considered that typically, 18.6% of the population suffers from insomnia, meaning that 34% of the insomnia reported could be directly related to the COVID-19 lockdown.</p><p>“People get worried. Worry leads to insomnia. Insomnia leads to depression. Our conclusion was if we can improve people's sleep during this pandemic situation, then that can lead to better mental health and less depression," said Bajaj.</p><p>Unfortunately, sleep studies tied to the pandemic have received little attention. </p><p>“It is very difficult to treat depression, so it's better if people understand that poor sleep and depression are related to each other," noted Bajaj. “The more we can raise awareness of this relationship, the more likely we are to create a positive impact on mental health during the pandemic."</p><p> <em>To find out which groups of people suffered the most insomnia, click the link below and read Dr. Bajaj's complete study.</em></p><p> <a href="https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0243527" target="_blank">https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0243527</a></p>
Boys Town Physicians Voted Best Doctors in Americahttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/best-doctors-in-americaBoys Town Physicians Voted Best Doctors in America2021-02-25T06:00:00Z<p>Every year, Omaha Magazine releases a list of the Best Doctors i n America®. This list includes the nation's most respected specialists and outstanding primary care physicians. Boys Town National Research Hospital is honored to have 37 physicians and community partners make the 2021 list.<br></p><p>“As Boys Town Hospital continues to grow, we strive to be a community resource that can provide life-changing care to the Omaha-area and surrounding communities," said Jason Bruce, M.D., Boys Town Chief Medical Officer and Interim Executive Vice President and Hospital Director. “Having these physicians recognized by their peers endorses our belief that the best physicians and the best care are available right here at Boys Town."</p><p>Congratulations to all the physicians recognized as Best Doctors in America! Thank you for providing life-changing care for our patients and families.</p><h2> <a href="/services/allergy-asthma-immunology">Allergy, Asthma and Immunology</a><br></h2>​ <div class="columns is-multiline has-text-centered"><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/kevin-murphy"><img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Kevin R. Murphy, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/MurphyKevin.jpg" /><span class="is-block"><span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Kevin R. Murphy, M.D.</span></span></a></div><div class="column is-4"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Nicki Nair, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/DoeJane.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"><span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Nicki Nair, M.D.</span></span></div></div><h2> <a href="/services/internal-medicine">Internal Medicine</a><br></h2>​ <div class="columns is-multiline has-text-centered"><div class="column is-4"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Ariana Bauer, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/DoeJane.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Ariana Bauer, M.D.</span></span>​</div><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/jeremiah-gums"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Jeremiah Gums, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/GumsJeremiah.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Jeremiah Gums, M.D.</span></span></a></div><div class="column is-4"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Emily Hill-Bowman, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/DoeJane.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Emily Hill-Bowman, M.D.</span></span></div><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/lilli-mauer"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Lilli K. Mauer, M.D., M.Sc." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/MauerLilli.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Lilli K. Mauer, M.D., M.Sc.</span></span></a></div><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/lauren-nelson"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Lauren Nelson, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/NelsonLaura.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Lauren Nelson, M.D.</span></span></a></div><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/robert-schwab"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Robert J. Schwab, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/SchwabRobert.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Robert J. Schwab, M.D.</span></span></a></div></div><h2> <a href="/services/pediatric-neuroscience/neurology">Neurology</a><br></h2>​ <div class="columns is-multiline has-text-centered"><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/deepak-madhavan"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Deepak Madhavan, M.D., MBA" src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/MadhavanDeepak.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Deepak Madhavan, M.D., MBA</span></span></a></div></div><h2> <a href="/services/orthopaedics-sports-medicine">Orthopaedics</a><br></h2>​ <div class="columns is-multiline has-text-centered"><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/thomas-connolly"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Thomas J. Connolly, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/ConnollyThomas.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Thomas J. Connolly, M.D.</span></span></a></div></div><h2> <a href="/services/ear-nose-throat-institute">Otolaryngology</a><br></h2>​ <div class="columns is-multiline has-text-centered"><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/jane-emanuel"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Jane M. Emanuel, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/EmanuelJane.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Jane M. Emanuel, M.D.</span></span></a></div><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/elizabeth-kelly"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Elizabeth A. Kelly, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/KellyElizabeth.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Elizabeth A. Kelly, M.D.</span></span></a></div><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/w-derek-leight"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="W. Derek Leight, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/LeightDerek.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">W. Derek Leight, M.D.</span></span></a></div></div><h2> <a href="/services/allergy-asthma-immunology">Pediatric Allergy Immunology</a><br></h2>​ <div class="columns is-multiline has-text-centered"><div class="column is-4"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Brian Kelly, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/DoeJohn.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"><span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Brian Kelly, M.D.</span></span></div></div><h2> <a href="/services/anesthesiology">Pediatric Anesthesiology</a><br></h2>​ <div class="columns is-multiline has-text-centered"><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/denise-drvol"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Denise M. Drvol, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/DrvolDenise.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Denise M. Drvol, M.D.</span></span></a></div><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/jane-kugler"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Jane A. Kugler, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/kugler-jane.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Jane A. Kugler, M.D.</span></span></a></div><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/travis-teetor"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Travis Teetor, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/TeetorTravis.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Travis Teetor, M.D.</span></span></a></div></div><h2> <a href="/services/hospital-care/pediatric-intensive-care-unit">Pediatric Critical Care</a><br></h2>​ <div class="columns is-multiline has-text-centered"><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/mohan-mysore"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Mohan Mysore, M.D., FAAP, FCCM" src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/MysoreMohan.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Mohan Mysore, M.D., FAAP, FCCM</span></span></a></div></div><h2> <a href="/services/pediatric-general-thoracic-surgery/thyroid-clinic">Pediatric Endocrinology</a><br></h2>​ <div class="columns is-multiline has-text-centered"><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/kevin-corley"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Kevin P. Corley, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/Corley_Kevin_MD.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Kevin P. Corley, M.D.</span></span></a></div></div><h2> <a href="/services/pediatric-gastroenterology">Pediatric Gastroenterology</a><br></h2>​ <div class="columns is-multiline has-text-centered"><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/sharad-kunnath"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Sharad Kunnath, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/KunnathSharad.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Sharad Kunnath, M.D.</span></span>​</a></div><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/anna-trauernicht"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Anna Trauernicht, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/TrauernichtAnna.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Anna Trauernicht, M.D.</span></span>​</a></div><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/jon-vanderhoof"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Jon A. Vanderhoof, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/VanderhoofJon.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Jon A. Vanderhoof, M.D.</span></span>​</a></div></div><h2> <a href="/services/pediatric-general-thoracic-surgery">Pediatric General Surgery</a><br></h2>​ <div class="columns is-multiline has-text-centered"><div class="column is-4"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Shahab F. Abdessalam, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/DoeJohn.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Shahab F. Abdessalam, M.D.</span></span>​​<br></div><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/robert-cusick"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Robert A. Cusick, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/CusickRobert.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Robert A. Cusick, M.D.</span></span>​</a></div><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/stephen-raynor"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Stephen C. Raynor, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/RaynorStephen.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Stephen C. Raynor, M.D.</span></span>​</a></div></div><h2> <a href="/services/pediatric-ophthalmology">Pediatric Ophthalmology</a><br></h2>​ <div class="columns is-multiline has-text-centered"><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/andrew-troia"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Andrew Troia, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/TroiaAndrew.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Andrew Troia, M.D.</span></span>​</a></div><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/robert-troia"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Robert Troia, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/TroiaRobert.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Robert Troia, M.D.</span></span>​</a></div><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/sebastian-troia"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Sebastian Troia, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/TroiaSebastian.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Sebastian Troia, M.D.</span></span>​</a></div></div><h2> <a href="/services/behavioral-health/child-adolescent-psychiatry">Pediatric Psychiatry</a><br></h2>​ <div class="columns is-multiline has-text-centered"><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/nicholas-basalay"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Nicholas P. Basalay, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/Basaly%2c%20Nicholas%20MD.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Nicholas P. Basalay, M.D.</span></span></a></div></div><h2> <a href="/services/pediatric-pulmonology">Pediatric Pulmonology</a><br></h2>​ <div class="columns is-multiline has-text-centered"><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/adam-reinhardt"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Adam Reinhardt, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/ReinhardtAdam.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Adam Reinhardt, M.D.</span></span>​</a></div></div><h2> <a href="/services/pediatrics">Pediatric General</a><br></h2>​ <div class="columns is-multiline has-text-centered"><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/kent-amstutz"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Kent R. Amstutz, D.O." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/AmstutzKent.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Kent R. Amstutz, D.O.</span></span>​</a></div><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/michael-dawson"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Michael G. Dawson, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/DawsonMichael.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Michael G. Dawson, M.D.</span></span>​</a></div><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/mark-domet"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Mark J. Domet, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/DometMark.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Mark J. Domet, M.D.</span></span>​</a></div><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/charles-sprague"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Charles J. Sprague, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/SpragueCharles.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Charles J. Sprague, M.D.</span></span>​</a></div><div class="column is-4"> <a href="/physicians/debra-whaley"> <img class="custom-is-rounded" alt="Debra K. Whaley, M.D." src="https://assets.boystown.org/hosp_peds_images/WhaleyDebra.jpg" /> <span class="is-block"> <span class="is-size-4 has-text-primary">Debra K. Whaley, M.D.</span></span>​</a></div></div><h2>Community Partners</h2><ul><li>​Jason Miller, M.D., DMD, FACS</li><li>Mark Puccioni, M.D., FAANS</li></ul> <br> <p>Great doctors thrive in great environments. We are grateful for ALL of our physicians and medical staff for continuing to be on the front lines providing care for patients throughout this unique time.</p>
Remembering a Visionary, Dr. Pat Stelmachowiczhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/remembering-pat-stelmachowicz-endowment-fundRemembering a Visionary, Dr. Pat Stelmachowicz2021-02-09T06:00:00Z<p>​​​​A leader, visionary and scholar in audiology research, Pat Stelmachowcz, Ph.D., will be remembered for her contributions to the field and their translational impact that improved the lives of so many with hearing loss.  </p><p>Pat passed away in January 2021. Her husband and research colleague, Michael Gorga, Ph.D., has established the <strong>Pat Stelmachowicz Audiology/Hearing Research Endowed Fund</strong> to help continue the legacy of Boys Town's nationally recognized translational hearing research. Contributions made in memory of Pat will with designated to the Fund. <a href="https://support.boystown.org/site/Donation2?df_id=2421&mfc_pref=T&2421.donation=form1&s_src=web&s_subsrc=pat_s" target="_blank">Click here to donate</a>.<br></p><p>Pat began her Boys Town career in 1980. From 1994 until her retirement in 2014, Pat served as Director of Audiology & Vestibular Services. Her work fundamentally changed pediatric hearing aid research, clinical practice, and the design of hearing aids.</p><p>Although she retired from Boys Town in 2014, her legacy lives on through the important clinical and research programs she led in pediatric audiology. Serving as Director of Audiology & Vestibular Services for 20 years, Pat made many contributions to Boys Town Hospital, including her early mentorship of Ryan McCreery, Ph.D., current Director of Research, who started as an audiology intern.</p><p>“Dr. Pat Stelmachowicz was an internationally recognized leader in the field of pediatric audiology. Her research provided an important foundation for how audiologists fit hearing aids for infants and young children today," said Ryan.“She was an outstanding mentor to many audiologists and scientists and built theBoys Town audiology program into one of the best in the nation.  Pat will be greatly missed."</p><p>As a renowned researcher in her field, Pat had close collaborations with many national and international scientists working in the field of audiology research. She served as a mentor for many of the current leaders in pediatric audiology research who work across the United States.</p><p>Pat was recognized nationwide for her groundbreaking research, having received the  D​istinguished Alumnus Award from the University of Iowa and the Lifetime Achievement Award at the 6th International Phonak Sound Foundations Conference in 2013; and in 2015, she was honored by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) with the Honors of the Association award, which is the highest career achievement award bestowed by the organization. Pat was also a nominee for the 2013 Kleffner Lifeti​me Clinical Career Award by the Nebraska Speech Language and Hearing Association.</p><h2>Continuing Her Legacy – Research Endowed Fund</h2><p>Pat Stelmachowicz Audiology/Hearing Research Endowed Fund has been established to support translational hearing research at Boys Town. Donations in Pat Stelmachowicz's memory can be given in two ways:</p><ol><li>Mail check or cash to:<br> Boys Town<br> Attention: Pat Stelmachowicz Memorial<br> PO Box 8000<br> Boys Town, NE 68010</li> <br> <li> <a href="https://support.boystown.org/site/Donation2?df_id=2421&mfc_pref=T&2421.donation=form1&s_src=web&s_subsrc=pat_s" target="_blank">Click here to donate.</a> Contributions designated in memory of Pat will be allocated to the Pat Stelmachowicz Audiology/Hearing Research Endowed Fund</li></ol>
$35,000 Research Grant Awarded to Boys Town Hospital Audiologistshttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/research-grant-awarded-to-boys-town-audiologists$35,000 Research Grant Awarded to Boys Town Hospital Audiologists2021-02-05T06:00:00Z<p>A team of research and clinical audiologists at Boys Town National Research Hospital<sup>®</sup> was recently awarded a $35,000 Researcher-Practitioner Collaboration Grant from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Foundation (ASHFoundation).</p><p>The grant money is being used to improve high-frequency auditory brainstem response (ABR) testing. This test is important for identifying and measuring levels of hearing in individuals who are unable to provide reliable behavioral responses to sound, such as infants, very young children and individuals with significant developmental delays. At the time ABR testing was first being evaluated for clinical application, it was thought that high frequencies were not critical for speech understanding. However, more recent research suggests otherwise.</p><p>According to <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/hearing-speech-perception/human-auditory-development/team">Heather Porter, Ph.D.</a>, the study's co-investigator and a research associate, this research has the potential to improve the diagnosis of high-frequency hearing loss, which can be directly applied to hearing aid programming at high frequencies. Jan Kaminski, the study's other co-investigator and coordinator of Boys Town Hospital's Clinical Sensory Physiology Laboratory, was part of the Boys Town team who originally evaluated ABR testing for widespread clinical implementation. She understands first-hand the widespread impact that researcher-clinician collaborations can have on patient care.</p><p>“Our objective is to overcome obstacles to clinical implementation of ABR testing at high frequencies because we now know that high-frequency audibility is important for hearing in daily life," explained Dr. Porter. “A large body of evidence now shows that high-frequency information contributes to successful speech understanding, sound localization and listening in background noise. Many of these important findings came from hearing research done at Boys Town by our former Director of Audiology, Dr. Patricia Stelmachowicz." </p><p>The research is expected to have direct clinical application wherever ABR testing is performed. That is one of the primary reasons the grant was awarded to Boys Town. The ASHFoundation encourages collaborations between researchers and practitioners to increase knowledge that will improve and enhance the care provided to individuals with communication disorders. </p><p>“We are proud to continue the tradition of leadership in translational research established at Boys Town National Research Hospital by those that came before us," Dr. Porter said. “This study would not be possible if not for their example, research findings and development of the infrastructure to support this kind of collaborative translational research." </p><p>In addition to Dr. Porter and co-investigator Jan Kaminski, the research team includes clinical experts in ABR assessment, Drs. Anastasia Grindle, Brenda Hoover, Ashley Kaufman, Natalie Lenzen, Haley McTee and Susan Stangl. The team embraces participation of current audiology trainees Christina Dubas and Abigail Petty, as student involvement is an important investment in inspiring future generations to support translational research to advance evidence-based care for individuals with communication disorders.  </p>
Retrieval-Based and Spaced Learning: Two Strategies to Support Word Learninghttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/retrieval-based-and-space-learning-language-disordersRetrieval-Based and Spaced Learning: Two Strategies to Support Word Learning2021-02-02T06:00:00Z<p>​​Sometimes, tried-and-true teaching methods are just that – effective and for good reason. However, in the past that reason may not itself have been tested. That's why the new article: “The Advantages of Retrieval-Based and Spaced Practice: Implications for Word Learning in Clinical and Educational Contexts," is so significant.</p><p>In this article, Katherine Gordon, Ph.D., Director of the <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/speech-language/language-learning-memory">Language Learning and Memory Laboratory</a> at Boys Town National Research Hospital®, has taken the outcomes of dozens of research studies with individuals who have language disorders and synthesized them to make a case for two of the oldest teaching methods and their use in classroom education. </p><p>Retrieval-based practice and spaced practice are effective learning strategies for children and adults with typical development. However, students who know fewer words can struggle to understand classroom content and miss out on a lot of important information. This is especially the case for students with language disorders, including students with developmental language disorder (DLD). </p><p>A key question of Dr. Gordon's review is whether proven teaching methods support vocabulary learning in children with language disorders. The answer to this question is “yes." </p><p>An essential part of the solution is to use teaching strategies that help children learn words during the lesson and remember the words long-term. Without this, educators are pouring water into a leaky bucket. Children may show good learning in the moment but quickly forget the words once the lesson is over.  </p><h2>Tried-and-True: Testing and Flash Cards</h2><p>During retrieval-based learning, the teacher asks the student to retrieve something that they learned previously from memory. However, this strategy does not need to use formal testing to be effective. Retrieval-based learning can occur anytime a teacher asks a student a question about key information. </p><p>Learning with flashcards is a common and familiar form of retrieval-based learning. The teacher is not just testing the student's knowledge of the information, but also supporting the student's ability to learn the information. By actively trying to remember the key information during a lesson, the student is more likely to remember that information when the lesson is over. </p><p>In the research reviewed by Dr. Gordon, it became apparent that word learning is achieved most effectively through effortful retrieval (testing) instead of passive listening for students with language disorders.  </p><h2>Key Components of Retrieval-Based Learning</h2><p>The literature reviewed by Dr. Gordon showed that retrieval-based learning benefitted adults and children with language disorders and promoted better learning and retention of the material over time. Most of the retrieval-based learning articles Dr. Gordon reviewed shared three key components. </p><h3>1. Opportunity for Effortful Retrieval of the Material Early in the Learning Session</h3><p>Learners do not like to be asked to remember information they've only heard a few times. </p><p>When teaching vocabulary to individuals with language disorders it seems logical to present the key words many times before asking the student about it. However, testing the student's memory for words early in the learning session produces better results. This may seem counterintuitive as students are likely to get the answer wrong if they are asked questions early in the lesson, however, trying to remember key information and getting an answer wrong can actually benefit learning if the student is given feedback. In general, students become more engaged and more aware of what they are getting from the lesson if they are asked questions early and often.</p><h3>2. Providing the Correct Answer Promptly and Explaining it Thoroughly </h3><p>As mentioned above, students are more likely to learn information after getting an answer wrong. They can become aware that they do not yet know the information fully and put in more effort to learn it. </p><h3>3. Providing the Learner Multiple Chances to Retrieve the Learned Information </h3><p>A vital element in this third aspect is having the learner retrieve information multiple times, even if they answered it correctly the first time. Repeated retrievals of learned words increased the chances that the information learned would be retained even after a delay.</p><h2>Cram for That Exam? Not the Best Way to Study.</h2><p>Spaced practice has been strongly shown to support learning in individuals with typical development. In her review, Dr. Gordon found that spaced practice supports word learning in individuals with language disorders. </p><p>When you think of spaced practice learning, think of your parents or junior high teachers telling you, “It's better to study it for 20 minutes every night than to cram for an hour before the test." Recent research demonstrates that they were right. </p><p>Spaced practice occurs when the same information is presented multiple times, but those presentations are spaced across time. A common example is a student studying with flashcards every day the week before an exam. In this way they introduce a space in time between each time the cards are studied. </p><p>Like retrieval-based practice, spaced practice is beneficial because it makes the student put in effort when trying to remember the key information. If a student is asked a question directly after they hear the information, it may be easy for them to remember the information. However, if asked a question after a delay, even a delay as short as 10 minutes, they must work harder to remember the information.</p><p>Educators and clinicians can introduce spaced practice during a lesson by asking about each key word at the beginning of a lesson, providing information about the key words in the middle of the lesson and then asking about each key word again at the end of a lesson. </p><p>Spaced learning can also be introduced across lessons. For example, students can be asked about words they learned yesterday or earlier in the week. Combining retrieval-based practice and spaced practice can be particularly powerful. By spacing out opportunities to retrieve information, educators can increase the likelihood that students, including students with language disorders, will remember the information long-term.</p><h2>Learning that Lasts</h2><p>To change the educational outcomes for individuals with language disorders, it is important to get past pouring water into the leaky bucket. Individuals with language disorders need to develop strong mem​ories for words that they are taught in lessons for them to be able to use those words in the classroom and in their everyday lives. </p><p>As all educators realize, meaningful word learning does not occur in one sitting. Learners need to be exposed to words repeatedly to commit them to memory. Using retrieval-based and spaced practice over repeated classes or language therapy sessions, is the best way to help students learn and remember words. Children with language disorders enrolled in therapy can receive retrieval-based and spaced practice that is more tailored to their individual needs.</p><p>For more information about how spaced and retrieval-based practice can be used to support vocabulary learning, read Dr. Gordon's full paper here: <a href="https://osf.io/nm4uj/" target="_blank">https://osf.io/nm4uj/</a></p><p><a href="https://doi.org/10.1044/2020_LSHSS-19i-00001" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1044/2020_LSHSS-19i-00001</a><br></p><p> <strong>Dr. Gordon is continuing </strong>this research line to learn how to further optimize these learning techniques for the benefit of children with language disorders. By giving educators and clinicians the tools to support vocabulary learning that lasts, they can best support academic success for individuals with language disorders.</p>
Supporting Children with Sensory Sensitivity during COVIDhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/support-for-sensory-needs-sensitive-children-wearing-masksSupporting Children with Sensory Sensitivity during COVID2021-01-22T06:00:00Z<h2>​Boys Town Partners with Omaha Public Schools and Munroe-Meyer Institute</h2>​ <p>​​​Obscu​red mouths. Muffled voices. Concealed emotions. <a href="/knowledge-center/communication-benefits-of-clear-face-masks">Masks have challenged everyone's ability to communicate</a> with and understand others. </p><p>Most adults can overcome some of these obstacles by reading other social cues. However, for young children, especially those with communication delays or sensory-processing difficulties, masks are an unwelcome barrier when trying to express themselves and comprehend the world around them. </p><p>For students in the <a href="/services/center-for-childhood-deafness-language-learning/preschool-program">preschool program</a> at Boys Town National Research Hospital<sup>®</sup>, masks are required. Easing their discomfort and encouraging proper mask-wearing techniques require a combination of patience, understanding and positive reinforcement.  </p><p>According to Kate Kaiser, lead teacher at the preschool, staff members were pleasantly surprised to see most students were ready to wear their masks when in-person school resumed after an extended period of remote learning. Many of the preschoolers are deaf or hard of hearing, and the mask's straps can be irritating when children already have hearing aids, cochlear implant processors and eyeglass frames around their ears. Some of the children also have <a href="/knowledge-center/sensory-processing-disorder">sensory-processing disorders</a> or difficulties, making them overly sensitive to the texture, scent or pressure of face masks. These unpleasant sensations can magnify their distress and overwhelm their bodies, leading to meltdowns and mask removal. </p><p>Kaiser credits parents for teaching their little ones about the importance of masks and getting them used to wearing them. But when a child struggles or has a bad day, Kaiser and her team are grateful for the collaboration and training support they receive from their partners at Omaha Public Schools and the University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC) Munroe-Meyer Institute.</p><p>Omaha's Experts Join Forces for Optimal Outcomes</p><p> <a href="/knowledge-center/newborn-occupational-therapy">Occupational therapists</a> from the Munroe-Meyer Institute provide education-related occupational and physical therapy services to Omaha Public Schools students who attend the Boys Town Preschool Program. The therapists also collaborate and lead specialized training sessions with staff, which is an invaluable benefit during these times.  </p><p>Christina Edelbrock, a board-certified pediatric occupational therapist at UNMC's Munroe-Meyer Institute, led a collaborative coaching session where she shared ideas and strategies to help preschool staff calm, reassure and guide children who become overwhelmed, frustrated or frightened by masks. </p><p>“In this pandemic, kids in general are more anxious and scared of things they don't understand, especially children who are deaf and hard of hearing," explained Edelbrock. “They rely on facial expressions, but masks hide that. So, there is increased anxiety because things and people look different." </p><p>To eliminate some of the fear factor, the preschool uses clear masks designed especially for individuals who are deaf and hard-of-hearing, allowing teachers and parents to communicate using facial expressions. The masks also make lip reading possible, which is critical for the children who are just learning to listen, talk or sign.  </p><p>Additional strategies that have helped children with sensory difficulties become more comfortable with masks include:   </p><ul><li>Desensitizing kids by having them hold, feel and press the masks against their skin and face</li><li>Normalizing the situation by putting masks on stuffed animals and other favorite toys</li><li>Reading social stories and using visual aids to walk students through why we wear masks </li><li>Creating routines to increase familiarity and limit impulsive reactions (For example, every morning students exchange the masks they wear from home with school masks. At day's end, they put their school masks in a baggie to be washed and put back on their masks from home.)  </li><li>Using lots of encouragement and positive reinforcement (reassuring words, high fives and thumbs up) to celebrate progress and reinforce expectations</li></ul><p>“We know not all the children will be able to wear their masks for the full three-hour preschool day, so we coach them through the moments when they're having a hard time," said Kaiser. “We use a lot of visual supports, like timers and picture cues, to help them understand the expectations. A lot of positive reinforcement and encouragement goes a long way."</p><p>Both Kaiser and Edelbrock agree that the best things teachers and parents can do for children who have special sensory sensitivities is to show patience, empathy and understanding.</p><p>The Boys Town Preschool is a five-day-a-week early ch​ildhood program that provides comprehensive educational programming to children ages 3 to 5 who are deaf or hard of​ hearing and includes neighborhood friends who are hearing. Highly trained educators and specialists provide intensive differentiated instruction focused on developing listening, spoken language and sign language skills.</p><p>The preschool is located in the <a href="/locations/lied-learning-technology-center">Lied Learning and Technology Center</a>, at 30<sup>th</sup> and Dodge. To learn more, call <a class="js-phone">(531) 355-5000</a>.</p><div class="embed-container"><iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/gGyVDxjaOMY" frameborder="0"></iframe> </div>
Boys Town Researchers Featured in ASHA Top 10 Articles of the Yearhttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/asha-top-10-articles-features-boys-town-researchBoys Town Researchers Featured in ASHA Top 10 Articles of the Year2021-01-20T06:00:00Z<p>American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) Journals Academy has released their top ten articles of 2020, and three publications by Boys Town researchers earned a spot on the list! </p><p>“This is really an incredible honor," says <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/faculty/ryan-mccreery">Ryan McCreery, Ph.D.</a>, Director of Boys Town Research. “Having one article on this list is impressive. Having three truly speaks to the innovation, dedication and talent of our speech-language research team and path they are leading to change the way America cares for children with language disorders." </p><h2>Top Articles from Boys Town Research </h2><p> <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/faculty/karla-mcgregor">Karla McGregor, Ph.D.</a>, Director of the Center for Childhood Deafness, Language and Learning, had two articles featured: </p><ul><li> <a href="https://pubs.asha.org/doi/10.1044/2020_LSHSS-20-00003" target="_blank">How We Fail Children with Developmental Language Disorder</a></li><li> <a href="https://pubs.asha.org/doi/10.1044/2019_PERSP-19-00083" target="_blank">Developmental Language Disorder: Applications for Advocacy, Research and Clinical Service</a></li></ul><p> <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/faculty/hope-sparks-lancaster">Hope Sparks Lancaster, Ph.D.</a>, Director of Etiologies of Language and Literacy Laboratory, listed for:</p><ul><li> <a href="https://pubs.asha.org/doi/10.1044/2019_JSLHR-19-00162" target="_blank">Early Speech and Language Development in Children with Nonsyndromic Cleft Lip and/or Palate: A Meta-Analysis</a></li></ul><p>American Speech-Language-Hearing Association is a national professional organization for audiologists, speech-language pathologists and hearing, speech and language researchers and students. </p><p>For more information on the top articles of 2020, <a href="https://academy.pubs.asha.org/2021/01/in-case-you-missed-it-our-top-articles-of-2020/" target="_blank">please click here. </a> </p>
Donation Helps Boys Town National Research Hospital in Eye Tracking/Listening Research Projecthttps://www.boystownpediatrics.org/news/eye-tracking-listening-research-project-donationDonation Helps Boys Town National Research Hospital in Eye Tracking/Listening Research Project2021-01-19T06:00:00Z<p>You may have noticed that it is hard to understand what someone is saying when they are wearing a face mask. That's because in face-to-face conversations, seeing a speaker's mouth move usually helps us understand them, especially in noisy places. Understanding speech in background noise is much more challenging for children than adults, and there is variability in children's ability to use visual speech cues, in other words, lipreading.</p><p>That's why a donation to purchase a Tobii Pro Nano eye tracker to support research on the subject was so appreciated by <a href="https://www.boystownhospital.org/research/faculty/kaylah-lalonde">Kaylah Lalonde, Director of the Audiovisual Speech Processing Laboratory</a> at Boys Town National Research Hospital. </p><p>Lalonde received the donation from an anonymous Boys Town donor about a year ago with the assistance of Boys Town development. The tracker, along with software that has been developed, will assist in planned studies that examine how much children and adults look at a speaker's face while listening to speech in noisy environments and to what parts of the face they look. Lalonde said this will help understand children's listening strategies.</p><p>The long-term goals of research in the audiovisual speech perception lab are to provide a unified account of how audiovisual speech perception develops, and ultimately to improve audiovisual communication outcomes for children with hearing loss. Lalonde said children with hearing loss benefit more from visual speech cues than children with normal hearing.</p><p>The eye tracker will be used to explore how much age- and hearing-related differences in audiovisual benefit observed in speech perception studies might be due to differences in looking behavior.</p><p>“Specifically, we will conduct standard auditory and audiovisual speech recognition tests while collecting data about whether and where participants look at or on the screen," Lalonde said. “The study will look at a variety of different age and hearing groups. With eye tracking data, we will determine the extent to which differences in looking behaviors among children explain individual, age-related and hearing-related differences in audiovisual benefit."</p><p>The eye tracker will serve as a control in future experiments in the lab. It will also serve as a tool for testing young children and infants without requiring overt responses. In future research, it will be used for more detailed studies of visual attention during audiovisual speech perception.</p><p>Lalonde said thanks to donations like this, Boys Town Hospital is able to continue its advances in studying how children tie together hearing with visual cues.</p><p>“Donations like this are important to Boys Town, because they allow us to be innovative in our research approach and support our goal of improving outcomes for children with communication difficulties," she said.</p>